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Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO)-initiated tryptophan degradation in the placenta has been implicated in the prevention of the allogeneic fetus rejection [Munn, Zhou, Attwood, Bondarev, Conway, Marshall, Brown, and Mellor (1998) Science 281, 1191-1193]. To determine how IDO is associated with the development of the fetus and placenta, the time course of(More)
Cerebellar granule neurons isolated from postnatal day 7 (P7) rats and grown in normal K+ medium begin to degenerate at approximately 4 d in vitro (DIV) and die. To search for genes upregulated in the process of neuronal cell death, differential hybridization was performed with subtracted cDNA probes and a cDNA library from 5 DIV. One of the genes isolated(More)
Exposure to stressful events and elevated level of stress hormones are associated with impaired spatial memory and neuronal damage in the hippocampus. These neurons are considered to be maintained by neurotrophins such as nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and trk family of neurotrophin receptors.(More)
We have compared cytoplasmic extracts from chicken DU249 cells at various stages along the apoptotic pathway. Extracts from morphologically normal "committed stage" cells induce apoptotic morphology and DNA cleavage in substrate nuclei but require ongoing caspase activity to do so. In contrast, extracts from frankly apoptotic cells induce apoptotic events(More)
In an attempt to understand the molecular mechanism of microglial activation in response to neuronal death or degeneration, we have employed cerebellar cell cultures prepared from P7 rats and grown in normal K(+) (5.4 mM) medium. Under this condition, glial cells respond to degeneration and cell death of granule neurons that begins to occur at 4 days in(More)
Neural retinal cells of newborn rats were cultured under dissociated culture conditions. Differentiation of several types of retinal cells was confirmed by immunohistochemical detection of type-specific neural phenotypes. We used Thy-1.1 antigen as a ganglion cell marker, HPC-1 or GABA as an amacrine cell marker and rhodopsin as a rod cell marker. With a(More)
Cancer cells often contain p53 abnormalities that impair cell-cycle checkpoint progression and cause resistance to various anti-cancer treatments. DNA damage occurs at actively transcribed genes during G1-phase in yeast cells that have a deficient mRNA export capacity. Here, we show that germinal center-associated nuclear protein (GANP), a homologue of(More)
Genetic BRCA2 insufficiency is associated with breast cancer development; however, in sporadic breast cancer cases, high BRCA2 expression is paradoxically correlated with poor prognosis. Because DSS1, a mammalian component of the transcription/RNA export complex, is known to stabilize BRCA2, we investigated how the expression of DSS1 is associated with(More)
A novel alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) mutation involved in primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) was studied in Japanese patients. Two mutations in exon 7, c.751T>A and c.752G>A, lead to a W251K amino acid substitution. Proband 1 (patient 1) was homozygous for the W251K mutation allele (DDBJ Accession No. AB292648), and AGT-specific activity in the(More)
The spatial organization of chromatin in the nucleus contributes to genome function and is altered during the differentiation of normal and tumorigenic cells. Although nuclear actin-related proteins (Arps) have roles in the local alteration of chromatin structure, it is unclear whether they are involved in the spatial positioning of chromatin. In the(More)