Shigenobu Tóne

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Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the L-tryptophan-kynurenine pathway, which converts an essential amino acid, L-tryptophan, to N-formylkynurenine. It has been speculated that IFN-gamma is a dominant IDO inducer in vivo. The present study used IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha gene-disrupted mice and IFN-gamma antibody-treated mice to(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO)-initiated tryptophan degradation in the placenta has been implicated in the prevention of the allogeneic fetus rejection [Munn, Zhou, Attwood, Bondarev, Conway, Marshall, Brown, and Mellor (1998) Science 281, 1191-1193]. To determine how IDO is associated with the development of the fetus and placenta, the time course of(More)
DNA degradation during apoptotic execution generally occurs at two levels: early as high molecular weight (HMW) fragments and later on as oligonucleosomal fragments. Two nucleases, CAD/CPAN/DFF40 and endonuclease G, can digest nuclear chromatin to produce the oligonucleosomal fragments, and it has been suggested that CAD might be responsible for HMW DNA(More)
Tryptophan pyrrole ring cleavage enzymes were assayed in pregnant uterus of mouse. The highest activity was observed at 6.5 days post-coitus (dpc) with a small activity shoulder at 9.5 to 12.5 dpc concepti and placenta. The highest peak at early concepti of 6.5 dpc was coincided with gene expression of tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO). And the shoulder from(More)
The morphology of erythroid cells changes dramatically during the course of their terminal differentiation. According to calculations made with cytospin preparations obtained from Syrian hamster yolk-sac-derived erythroid cells, the area of nuclei at day 10 of gestation ranges from 25 to 85 micron 2 and is reduced to 15-25 micron 2 on day 13 [K. Morioka and(More)
Cerebellar granule neurons isolated from postnatal day 7 (P7) rats and grown in normal K+ medium begin to degenerate at approximately 4 d in vitro (DIV) and die. To search for genes upregulated in the process of neuronal cell death, differential hybridization was performed with subtracted cDNA probes and a cDNA library from 5 DIV. One of the genes isolated(More)
Heat-induced apoptosis was studied in M10 and MOLT-4 cells by determining nuclear morphological changes, decrease in cell size, DNA degradation into fragments of about 30 kbp, and the appearance of internucleosomal DNA fragments (DNA ladders). Morphological changes in the nucleus were detected within 30 min after heat-treatment at 44 degrees C in M10 cells,(More)
At least two discrete deoxyribonuclease activities can be detected during apoptotic death, one that generates 30- to 500-kilobase pair (kbp) domain-sized fragments and another that mediates internucleosomal DNA degradation. The latter nuclease has been identified as the caspase-activated deoxyribonuclease (CAD)/CPAN, a unique enzyme that is normally(More)
We have compared cytoplasmic extracts from chicken DU249 cells at various stages along the apoptotic pathway. Extracts from morphologically normal "committed stage" cells induce apoptotic morphology and DNA cleavage in substrate nuclei but require ongoing caspase activity to do so. In contrast, extracts from frankly apoptotic cells induce apoptotic events(More)
During apoptotic execution, chromatin undergoes a phase change from a heterogeneous, genetically active network to an inert highly condensed form that is fragmented and packaged into apoptotic bodies. We have previously used a cell-free system to examine the roles of caspases or other proteases in apoptotic chromatin condensation and nuclear disassembly.(More)