Shigenobu Kimura

Learn More
BACKGROUND Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a gram-negative marine bacterium, is a worldwide cause of food-borne gastroenteritis. V parahaemolyticus strains of a few specific serotypes, probably derived from a common clonal ancestor, have lately caused a pandemic of gastroenteritis. The organism is phylogenetically close to V cholerae, the causative agent of(More)
We studied the pheno- and genotypes of an oral Granulicatella elegans strain in comparison with those of a blood-derived isolate which caused infective endocarditis. The two isolates exhibited identical biochemical characteristics and had the same drug MICs. Their genotypes were indistinguishable, indicating that these were from the same clone. The(More)
BACKGROUND Little information is available on periodontopathic bacterial infection in childhood. We assessed the prevalence by age of 10 putative periodontopathic microorganisms in periodontally healthy children using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. METHODS Plaque samples were collected from the buccal-mesial sulcus of the first molar or second(More)
V8 protease, a member of the glutamyl endopeptidase I family, of Staphylococcus aureus V8 strain (GluV8) is widely used for proteome analysis because of its unique substrate specificity and resistance to detergents. In this study, an Escherichia coli expression system for GluV8, as well as its homologue from Staphylococcus epidermidis (GluSE), was(More)
A novel extracellular endopeptidase, designated GluSE, was purified from Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 14990 cultured by the dialysis membrane technique, and the structural gene (gseA) was cloned. GluSE was a 27kDa, glutamic acid-specific protease, and the optimal pH was 8.0. The proteolytic activity was specifically inhibited with diisopropyl(More)
BACKGROUND Little information is available on the colonization of periodontopathic bacteria and alveolar bone loss in a mouse system, because of the difficulty in establishing bacteria in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to establish experimental periodontitis in mice by applying a Porphyromonas gingivalis-adhered ligature onto the molars. (More)
The adverse effect of Ti on body-defense macrophage is not well understood. The aims of this study were twofold: (1) to examine the intracellular accumulation of Ti element; and (2) to measure the cell viability, superoxide dismutase (SOD) production, and TNF-alpha secretion of macrophage-like RAW264 cells cultured for two days in medium with 1 ppm Ti(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the occurrence of specific periodontal bacteria in children and adolescents. METHODS Ten putative periodontal bacteria were longitudinally examined in plaque and saliva samples from 119 periodontally healthy children (2-15 years old) using a polymerase chain reaction method. RESULTS Capnocytophaga ochracea, C. sputigena, and(More)
The glutamyl endopeptidase family of enzymes from staphylococci has been shown to be important virulence determinants of pathogenic family members, such as Staphylococcus aureus. Previous studies have identified the N-terminus and residues from positions 185-195 as potentially important regions that determine the activity of three members of the family.(More)