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Kisspeptin, a peptide encoded by the Kiss1 gene, has been considered as a potential candidate for a factor triggering the onset of puberty, and its expression in the hypothalamus was found to increase during peripubertal period in rodent models. The present study aimed to clarify the oestrogenic regulation of peripubertal changes in Kiss1 mRNA expression in(More)
The KISS1/Kiss1/kiss1 gene product kisspeptin is suggested to be involved in the steroid feedback system in vertebrates. In addition to kiss1, kiss2 has been identified in many vertebrates, including some mammals, suggesting that the both genes were originally expressed in the common ancestor of teleosts and tetrapods. Moreover, peptides from both genes(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to document retrospectively the imaging findings of lipomas with the use of computed tomography, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging. STUDY DESIGN Thirteen patients with 11 lipomas and 2 lipomatoses were evaluated. Eleven cases were examined by computed tomography, 9 by ultrasonography, and 3 by magnetic(More)
alpha-Synuclein is a key component of Lewy bodies found in the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease and two point mutations in this protein, Ala53Thr and Ala30Pro, are associated with rare familial forms of the disease. Several lines of evidence suggest the involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of nigral neuronal death in Parkinson's(More)
OBJECTIVES To define criteria for CT and US in differentiating cervical lymph node metastases in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS CT and/or US of 230 metastatic lymph nodes and 228 benign lymph nodes in 147 patients with oral SCC were retrospectively evaluated. The CT and US findings of each lymph node were compared with the(More)
Leucine aminopeptidase was purified from human liver cytosol to homogeneity, 1538-fold, with a yield of 84.4% by immunoaffinity chromatography. Increases in the activity and the stability of the enzyme were simultaneously observed during the purification procedure, suggesting the presence of some endogenous inhibitor in cytosol. The specific activity and Km(More)
In remodeling tissues the formation of new blood vessels is an essential process which is regulated by different factors. During such processes an increase in hyaluronan synthesis and turnover is often seen and recent observations have suggested that hyaluronan can both promote and inhibit neovascularization depending on its molecular mass. In this work we(More)
To detect the frequency of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) subunit deficiency, screening for LDH subunit deficiency was performed on 3,776 blood samples from healthy individuals in Shizuoka Prefecture by means of electrophoresis. The frequency of heterozygote with LDH-A subunit deficiency was found to be 0.185%, and with LDH-B subunit deficiency, 0.159%. The(More)
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration from the tunica media to the intima is a key event in the development of atherosclerotic lesions and in restenosis after angioplasty. SMCs require not only migratory but also degradative abilities that enable them to migrate through extracellular matrix proteins, which surround and embed these cells. We used a collagen(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are known to induce formation of new blood vessels, angiogenesis. We show that FGF-induced angiogenesis can be modulated using selectively desulfated heparin. Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO677) deficient in heparan sulfate biosynthesis were employed to assess the function of heparin/heparan sulfate in FGF receptor-1(More)