Learn More
BACKGROUND Despite advances in endoscopic treatment methods for upper GI hemorrhage, hemostasis is often difficult to achieve. This study evaluated the usefulness of endoscopic band ligation for upper GI hemorrhage exclusive of hemorrhage from chronic gastroduodenal ulcer and varices. METHODS This prospective study included 27 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Ecabet sodium (ES) is a widely employed mucoprotective agent, for the treatment of gastric ulcers. The present paper prospectively evaluate the additive benefits of using ES in combination with the rabeprazole proton pump inhibitor (PPI) for the treatment of gastric ulcers after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). METHODOLOGY A total(More)
BACKGROUND Contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS (CEH-EUS) is a new sonographic technique that uses US contrast agents and depicts intratumoral vessels in real time. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether assessment of tumor vascularity by CEH-EUS can predict the preoperative malignancy risk of GI stromal tumors (GISTs). DESIGN Prospective study to observe GIST(More)
BACKGROUND Expression of heat shock protein A4 (HSPA4, also called Apg-2), a member of the HSP110 family, is induced by several forms of stress. The physiological and pathological functions of HSPA4 in the intestine remain to be elucidated. METHODS We assessed HSPA4 expression and function by generating HSPA4-deficient mice and using 214 human intestinal(More)
Intestinal-type gastric carcinomas progress through several sequential steps, including atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and cancer. We investigated heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) expression in gastric neoplasia and background gastric mucosa to assess its involvement in gastric carcinogenesis. We used real-time quantitative polymerase(More)
It is widely accepted that the adenoma-carcinoma sequence represents the process by which most colorectal cancers (CRCs) arise. Although gankyrin is overexpressed in CRC tissues, its roles in the initiation step of colorectal carcinogenesis remain largely unexplored. We investigated the expression of gankyrin and stemness factors in human colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS This study investigated the clinical characteristics, endoscopic appearances, usefulness of endoscopic treatments, and survival of patients with duodenal varices. METHODOLOGY Twelve patients were evaluated in whom endoscopy confirmed duodenal varices (13 lesions), and patient data was retrospectively analyzed regarding underlying diseases,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) examinations are necessary to determine the vertical cancer invasion depth. In this study, we prospectively performed EUS with three miniature probes of different frequency (12, 20, and 30 MHz) in patients with early gastric cancer scheduled for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) based on endoscopic findings.(More)
AIM To prospectively compare the healing rates of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)-induced ulcers treated with either a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) or rebamipide. METHODS We examined 90 patients with early gastric cancer who had undergone ESD. All patients were administered an intravenous infusion of the PPI lansoprazole (20 mg) every 12 h for 2 d,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In advanced gastric cancers, a significant correlation exists between the response to chemotherapy in primary gastric cancers and patient prognosis. Therefore, accurate evaluation of the response to chemotherapy in primary gastric cancers is important. We examined the response to chemotherapy in primary gastric cancers by contrast-enhanced(More)