Shigeko Arita

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OBJECTIVE Human salusin-alpha and -beta are two-related peptides processed from the same precursor, preprosalusin. Our previous in vitro studies have shown that human macrophage foam cell formation is stimulated by salusin-beta but suppressed by salusin-alpha. Thus we investigated the effects of salusin-alpha and -beta on atherosclerotic plaque formation in(More)
Leptin is an adipose tissue-derived hormone implicated in atherosclerosis and macrophage foam cell formation. The current study was conducted to examine the effect of leptin on cholesteryl ester accumulation in human monocytes/macrophages. Exogenously added leptin at 5 nM during differentiation of monocytes into macrophages for 7 days accelerated acetylated(More)
Rationale: Human heregulins, neuregulin-1 type I polypeptides that activate proliferation, differentiation, and survival of glial cells, neurons, and myocytes, are expressed in macrophage foam cells within human coronary atherosclerotic lesions. Macrophage foam cell formation, characterized by cholesterol ester accumulation, is modulated by scavenger(More)
Hydrogen peroxide-inducible clone-5 (Hic-5) is a focal adhesion scaffold protein primarily expressed in vascular and visceral smooth muscle cells. We recently generated mice lacking Hic-5, which grew with no apparent abnormality (Kim-Kaneyama J, et al. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2011;50(1):77-86). However, we discovered that recovery of arterial media following(More)
OBJECTIVE Chondrocyte hypertrophy followed by cartilage destruction is a crucial step for osteoarthritis (OA) development, however, the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. The objectives of this study are to identify the gene that may cause cartilage hypertrophy and to elucidate its role on OA pathogenesis. DESIGN Gene expression profiles of(More)
BACKGROUND Although dysfunction of VE-cadherin-mediated adherence junctions in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) is thought to be one of the initial steps of atherosclerosis, little is known regarding how VE-cadherin is disrupted during atherogenic development. This study focused on the role of calpain, an intracellular cysteine protease, in the proteolytic(More)
RATIONALE Human heregulins, neuregulin-1 type I polypeptides that activate proliferation, differentiation, and survival of glial cells, neurons, and myocytes, are expressed in macrophage foam cells within human coronary atherosclerotic lesions. Macrophage foam cell formation, characterized by cholesterol ester accumulation, is modulated by scavenger(More)
Background—Although dysfunction of VE-cadherin–mediated adherence junctions in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) is thought to be one of the initial steps of atherosclerosis, little is known regarding how VE-cadherin is disrupted during atherogenic development. This study focused on the role of calpain, an intracellular cysteine protease, in the proteolytic(More)
Human urotensin II (U-II), the most potent vasoconstrictor undecapeptide identified to date, and its receptor (UT) are involved in the pathogenesis of systemic and pulmonary hypertension. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of U-II with particular reference to its role in atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases.(More)
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