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Bioethanol production from xylose is important for utilization of lignocellulosic biomass as raw materials. The research on yeast conversion of xylose to ethanol has been intensively studied especially for genetically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae during the last 20 years. S. cerevisiae, which is a very safe microorganism that plays a traditional and(More)
After immobilization of anaerobes on polyurethane foam in a thermophilic, fixed-bed, anaerobic digester supplied with acetate, the results of real-time PCR analysis indicated that the major immobilized methanogenic archaea were Methanosarcina spp., and that the major free-living methanogenic archaea were Methanosarcina and Methanobacterium spp. 16S rRNA(More)
In this study, five recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were compared for their xylose-fermenting ability. The most efficient xylose-to-ethanol fermentation was found by using the industrial strain MA-R4, in which the genes for xylose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase from Pichia stipitis along with an endogenous xylulokinase gene were expressed(More)
A hydrocarbon-rich green microalga, Botryococcus braunii, was able to grow well in secondarily treated sewage (STS) from domestic waste-water in a batch system. The growth in STS from domestic waste-water was as good as in the common artificial medium of modified Chu 13 and its hydrocarbon contents were high enough at 53% and 40% compared with 58% in the(More)
The recombinant industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain MA-R5 was engineered to express NADP(+)-dependent xylitol dehydrogenase using the flocculent yeast strain IR-2, which has high xylulose-fermenting ability, and both xylose consumption and ethanol production remarkably increased. Furthermore, the MA-R5 strain produced the highest ethanol yield (0.48(More)
Removal of nitrate and phosphate ions from water, by using the thermophilic cyanobacterium Phormidium laminosum, immobilized on cellulose hollow fibres in the tubular photobioreactor at 43 °C, was studied by continuously supplying dilute growth medium for 7 days and then secondarily treated sewage (STS) for 12 days. The concentrations of NO− 3 and PO3− 4 in(More)
After immobilization of anaerobes on carbon felt in a fluidized-bed anaerobic digester at an ammonium concentration of 500 mg N/l, the results of real-time PCR analysis indicated that the cell densities of the immobilized methanogens and bacteria increased compared with those of the free-living methanogens and bacteria in the original anaerobically digested(More)
We constructed a set of recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with xylose-fermenting ability. A recombinant S. cerevisiae strain D-XR/ARSdR/XK, in which protein engineered NADP(+)-dependent XDH was expressed, showed 40% increased ethanol production and 23% decrease in xylitol excretion as compared with the reference strain D-XR/XDH/XK expressing the(More)
A recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain transformed with xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) genes from Pichia stipitis has the ability to convert xylose to ethanol together with the unfavorable excretion of xylitol, which may be due to cofactor imbalance between NADPH-preferring XR and NAD+-dependent XDH. To reduce xylitol(More)
We varied the promoter strength of xylose reductase (XR) gene and the copy number of xylulokinase (XK) gene to determine how XR and XK activities affect the xylose-fermenting abilities of recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH). The most enhanced ethanol yield and lowered xylitol yield occurred in strain I-PGK/AUR, which(More)