Shigeki Sakurai

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BACKGROUND Central sleep apnea, often found in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), has a high risk of poor prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS This study involved 20 patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%, M/F =19/1, age 65+/-10 years) and an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >5 times/h who were divided into 2 groups: 10 patients(More)
An 83-year-old woman presented with dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiac resynchronization therapy was performed. Two weeks later, cardiac output and ventricular wall motion were estimated using impedance cardiography and tissue Doppler echocardiography with and without pacing. Cardiac output increased from 3.5 to 4.5 l/min during biventricular pacing with a 120(More)
AIMS It is controversial whether or not pulmonary nitric oxide (NO) production, reflected in the end-tidal alveolar NO concentration, is diminished in patients with heart failure. Since pulmonary perfusion is regulated by NO production, decreased NO production in the pulmonary vasculature is assumed to result in diminished lung perfusion and further(More)
To evaluate the effects of chronic pressure overload on different parts of the left ventricle (LV), we examined a myosin isoform shift from V1 to V3 as a biochemical marker of LV hypertrophy in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. Six-week-old DS rats were fed an 8% (high salt, HS; n = 24) or a 0.3% (low salt, LS; n = 12) NaCl diet. After 2 or 4 weeks, the hearts(More)
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