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Renal toxicity is a clinical problem that affects 28 − 42% of patients undergoing treatment with cisplatin. Renal toxicity can be minimized by high volume hydration with mannitol diuresis. Recent reports have shown that cisplatin induces depletion of Mg and that Mg supplementation can reduce renal toxicity. We hypothesized that Mg infusion combined with low(More)
Rash, liver dysfunction, and diarrhea are known major adverse events associated with erlotinib and gefitinib. However, clinical trials with gefitinib have reported different proportions of adverse events compared to trials with erlotinib. In an in vitro study, cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 was shown to be involved in the metabolism of gefitinib but not(More)
Amrubicinol (AMR-OH) is an active metabolite of amrubicin (AMR), a novel synthetic 9-aminoanthracycline derivative. The time-concentration profile of AMR-OH exhibits a continuous long plateau slope in the terminal phase. To determine the relationships between the steady-state plasma concentration of AMR-OH and treatment effects and toxicities associated(More)
EKB-569 is a potent, low molecular weight, selective, and irreversible inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) that is being developed as an anticancer agent. A phase 1, dose-escalation study was conducted in Japanese patients. EKB-569 was administered orally, once daily, in 28-day cycles, to patients with advanced-stage malignancies known to(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation positive non-small-cell lung cancer exhibited marked response to gefitinib or erlotinib. In most cases, however, the patients showed disease progression after EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed in combination with(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor induces resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. It has been hypothesized that epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors administration may influence the levels of plasma hepatocyte growth factor. Patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer and relapsed after chemotherapies(More)
BACKGROUND Mainly single-agent chemotherapy has been considered as standard treatment for elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Docetaxel monotherapy is regarded as a standard treatment for elderly patients with advanced NSCLC, and recent subset analyses have suggested that platinum-based chemotherapy can be safely used in the elderly.(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), routinely used to treat advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with activated EGFR mutations, are associated with excellent response and improved performance status. Recently, pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and(More)
BACKGROUND Amrubicin hydrochloride (AMR) is a key agent for lung cancer. NADPH quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) metabolizes the quinone structures contained in both amrubicin (AMR) and amrubicinol (AMR-OH). We hypothesized that NQO1 C609T polymorphism may affect AMR-related pharmacokinetics and clinical outcomes. METHODS Patients received AMR doses of 30(More)