Shigeki Kato

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Lymph node dissection for regional nodal metastasis is a primary option, but is invasive and associated with adverse effects. The development of non-invasive therapeutic methods in preclinical experiments using mice has been restricted by the small lymph node size and the limited techniques available for non-invasive monitoring of lymph node metastasis.(More)
Leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor (LGR)-4 is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) with a seven-transmembrane domain structure. LGRs are evolutionally and structurally phylogenetic, classified into three subgroups and are members of the so-called orphan receptors whose ligands have yet to be identified. We generated knockout mice(More)
We observed that Lgr4K5 KO mice had sparse head hair and focal alopecia behind their ears, as observed in tabby (Eda) and downless (Edar) mice, which are models of the human genetic disorder hypohidrotic (anhidrotic) ectodermal dysplasia (HED). Lgr4-deficient mice showed partial impairment in hair follicle development with reduced expression of Edar, Lef1,(More)
The reaction mechanism of serine proteases (trypsin), which catalyze peptide hydrolysis, is studied theoretically by ab initio QM/MM electronic structure calculations combined with Molecular Dynamics-Free Energy Perturbation calculations. We have calculated the entire reaction free energy profiles of the first reaction step of this enzyme (acylation(More)
We observed a consistent eye-open at birth (EOB) phenotype in mouse pups homozygous for a leucine-rich repeat containing G-protein coupled receptor 4 (Lgr4) allele deleting the whole transmembrane domain coding region. An in vitro wound-healing scratch assay showed notably reduced keratinocyte motility in the null mice. Phalloidin staining of F-actin in the(More)
Lgr4 is one of the genes identified as novel G protein-coupled receptor genes designated Lgr4-Lgr8, with high homology with FSH receptor, LH receptor, and TSH receptor genes, but studies of Lgr4-mutant mice have suggested that Lgr4 has essential functions in development. This is the first report describing the relationship between the functions of Lgr4 and(More)
We previously reported that Lgr4 has a critical role in the morphogenesis of kidney, but the detailed functions of Lgr4 in kidney development have not been elucidated. In contrast to Lgr4 null mice with 129Ola × C57BL/6J mixed background, C57BL/6J-backcrossed Lgr4 null mice (Lgr4(-/-)) showed the severe phenotype of embryonic lethality and also had dilated(More)
The role of Asp102 in the catalytic relay system of serine proteases is studied theoretically by calculating the free energy profiles of the single proton-transfer reaction by the Asn102 mutant trypsin and the concerted double proton-transfer reaction (so-called the charge-relay mechanism) of the wild-type trypsin. For each reaction, the reaction free(More)
The lymphatic system in mice consists of lymphatic vessels and 22 types of lymph nodes. Metastatic tumor cells in the lymphatic system spread to distant organs through the venous system. However, the communication routes between the lymphatic and venous systems have not been fully elucidated. Here, we identify the communication routes between the lymphatic(More)