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Despite the central role that dendritic cells (DC) play in immune regulation and antigen presentation, little is known about porcine DC. In this study, two sources of DC were employed. Bone marrow haematopoietic cell-derived DC (BM-DC) were generated using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the presence or absence of tumour(More)
We investigated the ability of a baculovirus-insect cell system to produce sialylated glycoproteins. Despite the presence of enzymes for synthesizing complex-type N-glycans, the most frequent structure of insect N-glycan is the paucimannosidic type, Man(3)GlcNAc(2)(+/-Fuc). The reason for the overwhelming assembly of paucimannosidic N-glycans is not yet(More)
The D-loop regions in equine mitochondrial DNA were cloned from three thoroughbred horses by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The total number of bases in the D-loop region were 1114 bp, 1115 bp and 1146 bp. The equine D-loop region is A/T rich like many other mammalian D-loops. The large central conserved sequence block and small conserved sequence blocks(More)
We developed a procedure for the large-scale purification of bovine interferon-tau (boIFN-tau) by means of a silkworm-baculovirus gene expression system. Recombinant boIFN-tau (rboIFN-tau) was efficiently produced in the silkworm infected with boIFN-tau cDNA recombinant baculovirus and accumulated in the haemolymph. To establish a purification method(More)
The effect of intramammary injection of recombinant bovine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rboGM-CSF, 400 microg/10 mL) on quarter milk levels of chemiluminescence (CL) activity, and somatic cell count (SCC) and shedding pattern of Staphylococcus aureus was investigated. Ten Holstein cows, naturally infected with S. aureus were used, with(More)
Effects of recombinant bovine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rboGM-CSF) on bactericidal activity of bovine peripheral blood neutrophils in vitro and in vivo were studied. In in vitro experiment, bovine blood neutrophils were cultured for 9 hr in media containing 0.005, 0.05 or 0.5 microg/ml of rboGM-CSF. Neutrophils treated with rboGM-CSF(More)
The effects of interferon (IFN) gamma on the course of infection with Strongyloides papillosus in calves were investigated. Calves (N = 7 each) were inoculated with recombinant bovine IFNy or control solution daily from day 0 to day 15 following S. papillosus infection. Treatment with IFN-gamma induced an increase in faecal egg output in the peak stage of(More)
The effects of interleukin-8 (IL-8) on bovine mammary functions such as milk protein secretion and the blood-milk barrier during mammary involution were evaluated. Following the final milking, recombinant bovine (rb) IL-8 (5 or 25 microg) and a saline placebo were individually infused into the left- and right-front teat cisterns of 6 cows, respectively.(More)
Lepidoptera such as the domestic silkworm (Bombyx mori) produce proteins modified with unsialylated, mannose-rich moieties known as 'high mannose-type'N-glycans. However, we observed that, under intrinsic acetylglucosaminidase (GlcNAcase)-inhibited conditions, moth cells tend to synthesize different types of glycoform with sialic acid modification. To(More)
The pathogenesis of bone marrow atrophy during classical swine fever (CSF) was investigated in vitro by using CSF virus (CSFV) infection of bone marrow haematopoietic cells (BMHC). The monocytic lineage had the highest susceptibility to CSFV infection, whereas the more mature SWC8(+) granulocytic cells were not directly susceptible to infection. However,(More)