Shigeki Inaba

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A serious disease of amphibians caused by the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was first found in Japan in December 2006 in imported pet frogs. This was the first report of chytridiomycosis in Asia. To assess the risk of pandemic chytridiomycosis to Japanese frogs, we surveyed the distribution of the fungus among captive and wild frog(More)
We examined the phylogenetic relationships among Phytopythium species using the rDNA ITS region, the LSU rDNA region, and the mitochondrial coxI and coxII genes. The genus was resolved into three monophyletic clades (1–3). Clade 1 was the largest clade, composed of 12 known species. Clades 2 contained two known and one new species candidate and clade 3(More)
We evaluated the immune response to a 2009 influenza A (H1N1) unadjuvanted vaccine in HIV-infected patients and assessed the boosting effect of a second dose. HIV-infected adults were enrolled and scheduled to receive the H1N1 unadjuvanted vaccine containing 15μg of A/California/7/2009 haemagglutinin. Anti-H1N1 antibody titers were measured at enrollment(More)
The marine environment has recently been described as a source of novel chemical diversity for drug discovery, as many bioactive substances are isolated from marine organisms such as phytoplankton, algae, sponges, tunicates and mollusks.1,2 Microorganisms, especially fungi, from marine habitats also constitute a promising untapped resource of novel(More)
In the course of our screening program for novel metabolites from tunicate-derived fungi, novel sesquiterpenoids, named JBIR-27 (1) and -28 (2), together with known sporogen-AO1 and phomenone, were isolated from the culture broth of Penicillium sp. SS080624SCf1. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined to be eremophilane analogs on the basis of extensive(More)
Penicillium is a versatile ascomyceteous fungi. It causes opportunistic infections and putrefaction of foods. Penicillium species are known to produce more than 900 documented bioactive compounds.1 Furthermore, important pharmaceutical agents, namely, penicillins and compactin, have been isolated from Penicillium spp. We have reported that this fungus also(More)
In the course of our chemical screening program for novel metabolites by LC-MS monitoring, we isolated a new aspochracin derivative, JBIR-15 (1), together with aspochracin, from the culture broth of a sponge-derived fungus, Aspergillus sclerotiorum Huber Sp080903f04. The structure of 1 was determined to be N-demethyl aspochracin at the alanyl residue on the(More)
In the course of our screening program for active compounds that induce cell morphological changes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the culture broth of an entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium sp. fE61 exhibited a unique morphological phenotype. We conducted an activity-guided isolation from the fermentation broth of Metarhizium sp. fE61 to yield two new(More)
Penicillium strains (n=394) preserved at NBRC (the NITE Biological Resource Center) were compared as to groupings (11 species-clusters) based on phylogeny and the production of bioactive compounds. The strains in two clusters, of which P. chrysogenum and P. citrinum are representative, showed higher rates of positive strains with multi-biological activities.
Shochu is traditional Japanese liquor produced from various crops and fungi Aspergillus kawachi or A. awamorii . The amount of unutilized shochu distillation remnants is increasing because of the recent prohibition of ocean dumping of these remnants. In this Article, we first describe the structures of glucosylceramides contained in shochu distillation(More)