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The pathogenesis of renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury involves activating several signal transduction cascade systems in endothelial cells. Sphingosine 1-phospate (S1P) maintains endothelial cell integrity and inhibits lymphocyte egress via the specific S1P(1) receptor, and may play a role in reducing ischemic renal injury. We examined the protective(More)
T cells are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI); however, earlier studies have not found significant T-cell numbers in the kidney following injury. In this study we test the hypothesis that T cells transiently infiltrate the kidney following reperfusion and leave behind T-cell-derived cytokines such as(More)
A Japanese male who became habituated to sniffing toluene exhibited ataxia, tremor, incoordination and equilibrium disorders. There was pendular nystagmus with a normal caloric response. There were an inhibition of optokinetic nystagmus and a failure to follow over 0.1 Hz sine waves on eye tracking test. Angiogram and pneumoencephalogram revealed an atrophy(More)
Microiontophoretic studies using cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose and local anaesthetic were undertaken in an attempt to determine whether or not norepinephrine (NE) derived from the locus coeruleus (LC) acts on neurons of the spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN) as an inhibitory transmitter. Both conditioning stimulation of the LC and iontophoretic(More)
Studies were performed to elucidate reciprocal relationships between locus coeruleus (LC) and spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN) neurons responding to tooth pulp (TP) stimulation using rats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose. LC conditioning stimulation inhibited STN field potential as well as orthodromic spike generation of STN neurons produced by ipsilateral(More)
BACKGROUND Although diabetic patients often have gastrointestinal complications, the gastric mucosal function in diabetes has not been well documented. AIM To investigate the effect of fasting on the gastric mucosa in C57BL/KsJ-db +/+ db (db/db) mice, genetically non-insulin-dependent diabetic animals. METHODS Blood glucose levels, gastric mucosal(More)
Immunohistochemical localisation of the carbonic anhydrase III isozyme in rat parotid glands was studied. In parotid glands, CA-III was found to be present in the striated and excretory duct cells with heterogenous staining. No significant activity could be found in other regions of the glands. Ultrastructurally, the reaction of anti-CA-III isozyme was(More)
Effects of alpha- and beta-adrenergic blocking agents applied into the lateral ventricle were studied on the relay neuron in the rostral part of spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN) of cats. Conditioning stimulation of the locus coeruleus (LC) and sensory cortex (SC) inhibited the orthodromic spike generation in STN relay neuron without affecting the antidromic(More)
Fasting causes gastric mucosal damage in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, but its pathogenic mechanism remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the alteration of gastric mucosal mucin, one of the gastric defensive factors against the development of such damage. Diabetes was induced in rats by intravenous injection(More)
Immunohistochemical localizations of carbonic anhydrase isozymes (CA-I, CA-II and CA-III) in equine and bovine digestive tracts were studied. In the horse, epithelial cells in both the oesophagus and non-glandular part of the stomach lacked all three isozymes. In contrast, surface epithelial and parietal cells in the glandular region of the stomach showed(More)