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BACKGROUND AND AIM Interleukin (IL) 17 is a cytokine which exerts strong proinflammatory activities. In this study we evaluated changes in IL-17 expression in the inflamed mucosa and in the serum of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS Tissue samples were obtained endoscopically or surgically from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC)(More)
BACKGROUND Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis is a powerful tool to assess the diversity of a microbial community. In this study, we performed T-RFLP analysis of the fecal microbiota from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and those with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS Thirty-one patients with UC, 31 patients with CD, and(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-33 is a cytokine belonging to the IL-1 family. IL-33 has been shown to elicit a Th2-like cytokine response in immune cells. In this study, we investigated IL-33 expression in the inflamed mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and characterized the molecular mechanisms responsible for IL-33 expression in human(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) functions as an efflux pump of nucleoside monophosphate analogs, such as 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN). A single-nucleotide polymorphism in human MRP4 (rs3765534) dramatically reduces MRP4 function and results in the intracellular accumulation of 6-TGN. In this study, we(More)
To evaluate the therapeutic effects of the new synthetic sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator, FTY720, we investigated how FTY720 affects the development of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis and CD4+CD62L+ T cell transfer colitis. BALB/c mice were fed a chow containing 3.5% (wt/wt) DSS to induce colitis. The CD4+CD62L+ T cell transfer(More)
BACKGROUND Colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts may play a role in the inflammatory responses and in extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism. In this study, we investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha on chemokine (IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1) and ECM turnover (proliferation of(More)
The barrier functions in epithelial and endothelial cells seem to be very important for maintaining normal biological homeostasis. However, it is unclear whether or how bile acids affect the epithelial barrier. We examined the bile acid-induced disruption of the epithelial barrier. We measured the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) of Caco-2 cells(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Few data are available to support the clinical relevance of infliximab (IFX) trough levels for prediction of endoscopic disease activity in Crohn's disease (CD). This study evaluated the endoscopic disease activities in relation to clinical outcome using several laboratory markers including serum IFX trough levels in patients with CD(More)
Recent studies have shown alterations and activations in the mucosal immune system in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) as well as in those with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As one of effectors of mucosal inflammation, a new lineage of effector CD4+ T cells characterized by production of interleukin (IL)-17, the T-helper (Th)-17 lineage, was(More)