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IL-24 is a member of the IL-10 family of cytokines. In this study, we investigated IL-24 expression in the inflamed mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and characterized the molecular mechanisms responsible for IL-24 expression in human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs). IL-24 expression in the IBD mucosa was evaluated by(More)
We investigated the energy expenditure in hospitalized patients with severe or moderate ulcerative colitis (UC), and compared them to healthy controls. Thirteen patients (5 women and 8 men; mean age 31.8 years; mean BMI 19.0 kg/m(2)) and 10 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. The resting energy expenditure (mREE) levels were determined by(More)
This study aimed to compare the nutritional status and energy expenditure of hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and those with ulcerative colitis (UC). Twenty-two hospitalized patients with CD and 18 patients with UC were enrolled in this study. We analyzed nutritional status upon admission by using nutritional screening tools including(More)
We investigated the effects of treatment with antibodies against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α on energy metabolism, nutritional status, serum cytokine levels in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Twelve patients were enrolled. Resting energy expenditure (REE) levels were measured by indirect calorimetry. Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) significantly(More)
Altered gut microbial ecology contributes to the development of metabolic diseases including obesity. In this study, we performed 16S rRNA sequence analysis of the gut microbiota profiles of obese and lean Japanese populations. The V3-V4 hypervariable regions of 16S rRNA of fecal samples from 10 obese and 10 lean volunteers were sequenced using the Illumina(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Probiotic properties of Enterococcus strains have been reported previously. In this study, we investigated the effects of Enterococcus (E.) durans TN-3 on the development of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) colitis. METHODS BALB/c mice were fed with 4.0% DSS in normal chow. Administration of TN-3 (10mg/day) was initiated 7days before the(More)
We investigated the changes in energy expenditure during induction therapy in patients with severe or moderate ulcerative colitis. Thirteen patients (10 men, 3 women; mean age, 36.5 years) with ulcerative colitis admitted to the Shiga University Hospital were enrolled in this study. We measured the resting energy expenditure and respiratory quotients of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are at risk for developing colorectal cancer (CRC), despite the development of new therapeutic agents. Stratification of the individual UC-patient's risk would be helpful to validate the risk factors for CRC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for the development of CRC in a large(More)
Gastric sarcoidosis with noncaseating granuloma is rare. Although corticosteroid produces a dramatic clinical response, it is unknown whether azathioprine show efficacy in prednisolone-dependent cases. Here, we report a case of gastric sarcoidosis in a 25-year-old man with severe epigastlargia. Gastroendoscopy revealed multiple map-like ulcerations.(More)
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS Interleukin (IL)-36 cytokines are members of the IL-1 cytokine family. In this study, we investigated the expression of IL-36γ in human colonic myofibroblasts to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying IL-36γ induction. MATERIALS AND METHODS IL-36 mRNA was analyzed by real-time PCR method. Secretion of IL-36γ protein was evaluated(More)