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BACKGROUND AND AIM Interleukin (IL) 17 is a cytokine which exerts strong proinflammatory activities. In this study we evaluated changes in IL-17 expression in the inflamed mucosa and in the serum of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS Tissue samples were obtained endoscopically or surgically from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC)(More)
BACKGROUND Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis is a powerful tool to assess the diversity of a microbial community. In this study, we performed T-RFLP analysis of the fecal microbiota from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and those with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS Thirty-one patients with UC, 31 patients with CD, and(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) functions as an efflux pump of nucleoside monophosphate analogs, such as 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN). A single-nucleotide polymorphism in human MRP4 (rs3765534) dramatically reduces MRP4 function and results in the intracellular accumulation of 6-TGN. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts may play a role in the inflammatory responses and in extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism. In this study, we investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha on chemokine (IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1) and ECM turnover (proliferation of(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-33 is a cytokine belonging to the IL-1 family. IL-33 has been shown to elicit a Th2-like cytokine response in immune cells. In this study, we investigated IL-33 expression in the inflamed mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and characterized the molecular mechanisms responsible for IL-33 expression in human(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by an ongoing mucosal inflammation caused by a dysfunctional host immune response to commensal microbiota and dietary factors. In the pathophysiology of IBD, mesenchymal cells such as intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts (ISEMF) affect the recruitment, retention and activation of immune cells. Mesenchymal(More)
To evaluate the therapeutic effects of the new synthetic sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator, FTY720, we investigated how FTY720 affects the development of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis and CD4+CD62L+ T cell transfer colitis. BALB/c mice were fed a chow containing 3.5% (wt/wt) DSS to induce colitis. The CD4+CD62L+ T cell transfer(More)
Mast cell-derived chymase promotes inflammatory responses and tissue fibrosis. Although previous studies have reported changes in the number of mucosal mast cells in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the behaviour of chymase immunopositive mast cells has not been studied. In this study, we immunohistochemically investigated chymase immunopositive mast cells(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-36 (IL-36α, IL-36β, and IL-36γ) is a recently reported member of the IL-1 cytokine family. In this study, we investigated IL-36 expression in the inflamed mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and characterized the proinflammatory actions of IL-36 cytokines in human colonic epithelial cells. METHODS IL-36 mRNA(More)