Shigehito Sawamura

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BACKGROUND Exposure to nitrous oxide activates brainstem noradrenergic nuclei and descending inhibitory pathways, which produce the acute antinociceptive action of nitrous oxide. Because corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) can produce activation of noradrenergic neurons in the locus ceruleus, the authors sought to determine whether it might be responsible(More)
UNLABELLED We observed abnormal fluctuation in Bispectral Index (BIS) caused by repeated alternations between two electroencephalographic (EEG) waveform patterns in a patient with a recent history of epileptic seizure under sevoflurane anesthesia. The repetitive development of the abnormal EEG changes (slow delta with or without spike) and the fluctuation(More)
Glucocorticoids are used to treat patients suffering from neuropathic pain and complex regional pain syndromes (CRPS). Previously we found that once-daily injections of the glucocorticoid methylprednisolone had no antihyperalgesic effect in the rat sciatic nerve transection model for CRPS, but on the basis of CRPS clinical data, we hypothesized that a(More)
BACKGROUND Basic data are lacking regarding the efficacy and mechanisms of action of corticosteroids in neuropathic pain. Because recent studies indicate that spinal glial activation mediates the pathologic pain states, the authors sought to determine the effects of systemic and intrathecal methylprednisolone on the development and maintenance of(More)
Although nitrous oxide (N(2)O) has been used to facilitate surgery for >150 years, its molecular mechanism of action is not yet defined. Having established that N(2)O-induced release of norepinephrine mediates the analgesic action at alpha(2) adrenoceptors in the spinal cord, we now investigated whether activation of noradrenergic nuclei in the brainstem is(More)
BACKGROUND Clonidine can effectively reduce pain and/or hypersensitivity. However, the antihypersensitivity effects of clonidine topically applied in cream (CC) have not been investigated. The authors evaluated effects of topical application of CC on pain behaviors and spinal Fos-like immunoreactivity in rats with hypersensitivity. METHODS Clonidine (30,(More)
The effects of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) peptide receptor antagonist JTC-801 on allodynia and hyperalgesia were examined in rats in order to explore the involvement of N/OFQ system in these pathological pain states. Tactile allodynia induced by L5/L6 spinal nerve ligation was reversed by both systemic (3-30 mg/kg) and spinal (22.5 and 45 pg) JTC-801 in(More)
BACKGROUND The authors recently established that the analgesic actions of the inhalation anesthetic nitrous oxide were mediated by noradrenergic bulbospinal neurons and spinal alpha2B adrenoceptors. They now determined whether noradrenergic brainstem nuclei and descending spinal pathways are responsible for the antinociceptive actions of the inhalation(More)
Fos protein expression has been used to reflect neuronal activation in pain processing pathways although analgesics may uncouple behavioral and Fos responses. We determine whether formalin-induced spinal c-fos mRNA expression (Northern blotting) correlates with nocifensive behavior following pretreatment with morphine, the alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist(More)
BACKGROUND Lines of evidence have indicated that cyclooxygenase 2 plays a role in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. However, the site and mechanism of its action are still unclear. Spinal glia has also been reported to mediate pathologic pain states. The authors evaluated the effect of continuous intrathecal or systemic cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor on(More)