Shigehito Sawamura

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UNLABELLED We investigated the anesthetic management of patients with congenital insensitivity to pain and anhidrosis (CIPA) in Japan. CIPA is a rare inherited disease characterized by a lack of pain sensation and thermoregulation. Although lacking pain sensation, some patients do have tactile hyperesthesia. Thus, anesthetics are a necessity during(More)
BACKGROUND Basic data are lacking regarding the efficacy and mechanisms of action of corticosteroids in neuropathic pain. Because recent studies indicate that spinal glial activation mediates the pathologic pain states, the authors sought to determine the effects of systemic and intrathecal methylprednisolone on the development and maintenance of(More)
UNLABELLED We observed abnormal fluctuation in Bispectral Index (BIS) caused by repeated alternations between two electroencephalographic (EEG) waveform patterns in a patient with a recent history of epileptic seizure under sevoflurane anesthesia. The repetitive development of the abnormal EEG changes (slow delta with or without spike) and the fluctuation(More)
The effects of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) peptide receptor antagonist JTC-801 on allodynia and hyperalgesia were examined in rats in order to explore the involvement of N/OFQ system in these pathological pain states. Tactile allodynia induced by L5/L6 spinal nerve ligation was reversed by both systemic (3-30 mg/kg) and spinal (22.5 and 45 pg) JTC-801 in(More)
Information about the muscarinic receptor subtype(s) mediating pulmonary circulatory vasodilator responses to acetylcholine (ACh) is limited. The aim of this study was to pharmacologically characterize the muscarinic receptors associated with ACh-induced pulmonary vasodilation in a pulmonary hypertension model. Vasodilation of rabbit isolated(More)
BACKGROUND The authors recently established that the analgesic actions of the inhalation anesthetic nitrous oxide were mediated by noradrenergic bulbospinal neurons and spinal alpha2B adrenoceptors. They now determined whether noradrenergic brainstem nuclei and descending spinal pathways are responsible for the antinociceptive actions of the inhalation(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to nitrous oxide activates brainstem noradrenergic nuclei and descending inhibitory pathways, which produce the acute antinociceptive action of nitrous oxide. Because corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) can produce activation of noradrenergic neurons in the locus ceruleus, the authors sought to determine whether it might be responsible(More)
BACKGROUND Lines of evidence have indicated that cyclooxygenase 2 plays a role in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain. However, the site and mechanism of its action are still unclear. Spinal glia has also been reported to mediate pathologic pain states. The authors evaluated the effect of continuous intrathecal or systemic cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor on(More)
the lateral site of the right leg as well as the dorsal and plantar sites of the right foot. The patient was initially treated at a dermatology clinic with oral valaciclovir (an antiviral agent) and diclofenac (an anti-inflammatory agent), and subsequently, with diclofenac alone for several weeks. Within a month of its onset, the pain in the leg and the(More)
BACKGROUND Factors that contribute to ventilator-induced barotrauma are not well defined. This study investigates the effects of posture on ventilator-induced barotrauma, as well as arterial oxygenation. METHODS Twelve dogs with oleic acid lung injury, lying in the prone position (n = 6) and right lateral position (n = 6), were mechanically ventilated(More)