Shigehiko Urawa

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We examined the genetic population structure of chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, in the Pacific Rim using mitochondrial (mt) DNA analysis. Nucleotide sequence analysis of about 500 bp in the variable portion of the 5′ end of the mtDNA control region revealed 20 variable nucleotide sites, which defined 30 haplotypes of three genealogical clades (A, B, and C),(More)
A new anisakid nematode, Hysterothylacium patagonense n. sp., is described from the intestine of the temperate bass Percichthys trucha (Cuvier & Valenciennes), a freshwater fish from Lake Aluminé, Patagonia, Argentina. It is characterised mainly by the absence of lateral alae, the length ratio of the caecum and ventricular appendix (1:0.9–1.8), the length(More)
Myxobolus arcticus Pugachev and Khokhlov, 1979 is a freshwater myxosporean parasite infecting the nerve tissues of salmonid fishes throughout the Pacific region of Far East Asia and North America. The principal fish host is sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka in North America and masu salmon O. masou in Japan. Actinospores of M. arcticus were isolated from(More)
Wild stocks of chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, have experienced recent declines in some areas of their range. Also, the release of hatchery chum salmon has escalated to nearly three billion fish annually. The decline of wild stocks and the unknown effects of hatchery fish combined with the uncertainty of future production caused by global climate change(More)
Ichthyobodo necator is a parasitic flagellate that attacks fishes, causing disease problems in freshwater worldwide. Findings of similar flagellates in strictly marine fishes have indicated that ichthyobodiosis may be caused by more than 1 flagellate species. We obtained partial small subunit rDNA (ssu rDNA) sequences of 14 Ichthyobodo isolates originating(More)
Variation at 14 microsatellite loci was surveyed in 26 chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta populations from Japan, one population from West Kamchatka and three populations from North America to determine population structure. Microsatellites were then applied to estimate stock composition of chum salmon in mixed-stock fisheries. The genetic differentiation index(More)
Actinospore infection of oligochaetes living in the mud of 3 freshwater biotopes in Japan was studied. Using the cell-well plate method, a new aurantiactinomyxon type was found in 0.77% of the examined Tubifex tubifex oligochaete specimens from a brook near Yamanashi Prefectural Fisheries Experimental Station on Fuji Mountain. In 0.14% of Lumbriculus(More)
Actinospore infection of oligochaetes living in the mud and on the roots of vegetation in an inflow brook of a Hokkaido salmon hatchery was studied within the framework of a Japanese-Hungarian research program. Two triactinomyxon types, 1 echinactinomyxon, and 1 neoactinomyxum type were isolated from the oligochaete Rhyacodrilus komarovi Timm, 1990(More)
Ultrastructural study of the microsporidian Microsporidium takedai from the muscles of masu salmon Oncorhynchus masou proved that this species can be assigned to the genus Kabatana Lom, Dyková and Tonguthai, 2000. The parasites develop within disintegrated sarcoplasm without any delimiting boundary or cyst. Cylindrical multinucleate meronts proliferate by(More)
A newly developed DNA microarray was applied to identify mitochondrial (mt) DNA haplotypes of more than 2200 chum salmon in the Bering Sea and North Pacific Ocean in September 2002 and also 2003, when the majority of maturing fish were migrating toward their natal river. The distribution of haplotypes occurring in Asian and North American fish in the(More)