Shigang Shen

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Methylotrophic yeasts contain large peroxisomes during growth on methanol. Upon exposure to excess glucose or ethanol these organelles are selectively degraded by autophagy. Here we describe the cloning of a Pichia pastoris gene (PpVPS15) involved in peroxisome degradation, which is homologous to Saccharomyces cerevisiae VPS15. In methanol-grown cells of a(More)
Preservation of fresh algae plays an important role in algae seed subculture and aquaculture. The determination and examination of the changes of cell viability, composition, and bacterial species during storage would help to take suitable preservation methods to prolong the preservation time of fresh algae. Nostoc flagelliforme is a kind of edible(More)
To further develop cholesterol-modified pullulan self-aggregated nanoparticles (CHSPNs) as a drug nanocarrier, CHSP was synthesized and characterized. Its cholesterol degree determined by 1H NMR was 5.2 cholesterol groups per hundred glucose units. CHSPNs were prepared in aqueous media and characterized by dynamic laser light-scattering (DLS), zeta(More)
The purpose of this study was to improve the solubility and bioavailability of glimepiride (GLMP) by utilizing hydrotropy technique. Meglumine (MU) as a hydrotrope could form the stable complex with glimepiride. The optimal glimepiride and meglumine (GLMP-MU) complex powder was obtained by using lyophilization. GLMP-MU powder was characterized by Fourier(More)
Oxidation of l-serine and l-threonine by a silver(III) complex anion, [Ag(HIO(6))(2)](5-), has been studied in aqueous alkaline medium. The oxidation products of the amino acids have been identified as ammonia, glyoxylic acid and aldehyde (formaldehyde for serine and acetaldehyde for threonine). Kinetics of the oxidation reactions has been followed by the(More)
The reductions of Pt(iv) anticancer prodrugs [Pt(dach)Cl4] (ormaplatin/tetraplatin), cis-[Pt(NH3)2Cl4], and cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH3)2Cl2Br2] by the several dominant reductants in human plasma have been characterized kinetically in this work, including l-ascorbic acid (Asc), l-glutathione (GSH), l-cysteine (Cys), dl-homocysteine (Hcy), and a dipeptide Gly-Cys.(More)
Thioredoxins are small redox proteins and have the active sites of Cys-Xaa-Yaa-Cys; they are overexpressed by many different cancer cells. Cisplatin and Pt(II) analogues could bind to the active sites and inhibit the activities of the proteins, as demonstrated by other researchers. Platinum(IV) anticancer drugs are often regarded as prodrugs, but their(More)
The objective of this work was to prepare an oil/water glimepiride (GM) microemulsion (ME) for oral administration to improve its solubility and enhance its bioavailability. Based on a solubility study, pseudoternary phase diagrams, and Box-Behnken design, the oil/water GMME formulation was optimized and prepared. GMME was characterized by dynamic laser(More)
In this work, the ability of asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) coupled with UV-vis, multiangle light scattering (MALS), and quasi-elastic light scattering (QELS) (AF4-UV-MALS-QELS) for monitoring aggregation of components of egg yolk plasma was evaluated. The effect of external factors (i.e., pH, storage conditions, freezing and heat(More)
A series of uniform and well-dispersed TiO2 spheres have been successfully synthesized through a controlled hydrolysis route by using different titanium alkoxides as reactants. The types of titanium alkoxides and stirring time have an effect on the uniformity and dispersion of the TiO2 spherical particles. The addition of a small amount of salt also plays a(More)