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Five hundred twenty ganglion cells in an isolated whole-mount preparation of the mouse retina were labeled using the "DiOlistic" method (Gan et al. [2000] Neuron 27:219-225) and were classified according to their morphological properties. Tungsten particles coated with a lipophilic dye (DiI) were propelled into the whole-mount retina using a gene gun. When(More)
We identified the ON-OFF direction-selective ganglion cells (DSGCs) in the mouse retina and characterized their physiological, morphological and pharmacological properties. These cells showed transient responses to the onset and termination of a stationary flashing spot, and strong directional selectivity to a moving rectangle. Application of various(More)
The thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) is thought to function in the attentional searchlight. We analyzed the detection of deviant acoustic stimuli by TRN neurons and the consequences of deviance detection on the TRN target, the medial geniculate body (MGB) of the rat. TRN neurons responded more strongly to pure-tone stimuli presented as deviant stimuli (low(More)
Direction-selective ganglion cells (DSGCs) in the retina respond strongly when stimulated by image motion in a preferred direction but are only weakly excited by image motion in the opposite null direction. Such coding represents an early manifestation of complex information processing in the visual system, but the cellular locus and the synaptic mechanisms(More)
Ganglion cells in an isolated wholemount preparation of the rat retina were labeled using the "DiOlistic" labeling method (Gan et al., 2000) and were classified according to their morphological properties. Tungsten particles coated with a lipophilic dye (DiI) were propelled into the wholemount retina using a gene gun. When a dye-coated particle contacted(More)
Two types of ganglion cells (RGCs) compute motion direction in the retina: the ON-OFF direction-selective ganglion cells (DSGCs) and the ON DSGCs. The ON DSGCs are much less studied mostly due to the low encounter rate. In this study, we investigated the physiology, dendritic morphology and synaptic inputs of the ON DSGCs in the mouse retina. When a visual(More)
Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) are a subtype of ganglion cell in the mammalian retina that expresses the photopigment melanopsin and drives non-image-forming visual functions. Three morphological subtypes of ipRGCs (M1, M2, and M3) have been described based on their dendritic stratifications in the inner plexiform layer (IPL),(More)
We studied the fine spatial structure of the receptive fields of retinal ganglion cells and its relationship to the dendritic geometry of these cells. Cells from which recordings had been made were microinjected with Lucifer yellow, so that responses generated at precise locations within the receptive field center could be directly compared with that cell's(More)
Selective responses of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to the direction of motion have been recorded extracellularly from the rabbit and the mouse retina at eye opening. Recently, it has been shown that the development of this circuitry is light independent. Using whole-cell patch clamp recording, we report here that mouse early postnatal direction-selective(More)