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The complete nucleotide sequences of three sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV) isolates found in sugarcane plants imported from Japan (JP1, JP2) and Indonesia (ID) into China were determined. Sequence analysis showed that, based on the whole genome sequence and the nucleotide sequences encoding the ten mature proteins, the three SCSMV isolates shared(More)
High-throughput sequencing of small RNAs allowed the identification of a novel DNA virus in a Chinese mulberry tree affected by a disease showing mosaic and dwarfing symptoms. Rolling-circle amplification and PCR with specific primers, followed by sequencing of eleven independent full-length clones, showed that this virus has a monopartite circular DNA(More)
A novel circular DNA virus sequence has been identified through next-generation sequencing and in silico assembly of small RNAs of 21-24 nt from an apple tree grown in China. The virus genome was cloned using two independent approaches and sequenced. With a size of 2932 nt, it showed the same genomic structure and conserved origin of replication reported(More)
Sequences of the protein 1 (P1) and coat protein (CP) coding regions of 22 sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV) isolates were determined. Phylogenetic analysis showed that SCSMV had at least three major lineages, and the lineages seemed to reflect geographical origin. The sudden expansions of the Chinese and Indian subpopulations were supported by(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common brain tumor in adults, is neurologically destructive and has a dismal response to virtually all therapeutic modalities. One phenomenon that can contribute to this complexity is the presence of a relatively small subset of glioma stem cells (GSCs) within the tumor and the activation of pathways that control(More)
A simple and fast sap-direct RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) for the rapid detection of 3 viroids of the genus Coleviroid is presented. The templates for cDNA synthesis were obtained directly from the sap of coleus using a pipettor, a common tool in molecular biology laboratories, and 3 coleus blumei viroids (CbVds) were detected(More)
Potato virus M (PVM), pepino mosaic virus (PepMV), tomato mosaic virus (ToMV), and potato virus S (PVS) infect pepino and cause serious crop losses. In this study, a multiplex RT-PCR method was developed for simultaneous detection and differentiation of PVS, ToMV, PepMV and PVM. The method was highly reliable and sensitive; validation was accomplished by(More)
Potato virus M (PVM, genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexviridae) is considered to be one of most economically important pathogens of pepino in China. However, the details and the mechanisms underlying PVM evolution are unknown. In this study, we determined and analyzed 40 TGB 1 gene sequences, 67 TGB 2 and TGB 3 gene sequences, and 88 CP and NABP gene(More)
In this study, we generated sequences of the apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) coat protein (CP) gene. Genetic variation and phylogenetic analyses were carried out on these sequences along with others reported previously. ACLSV populations clustered into four types: in three of the four types, combinations of three amino acids at positions of 40, 75(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the ssRNA genome of a Chinese GPV isolate of barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) was determined. It comprised 5673 nucleotides, and the deduced genome organization resembled that of members of the genus Polerovirus. It was most closely related to cereal yellow dwarf virus-RPV (77% nt identity over the entire genome; coat(More)