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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common brain tumor in adults, is neurologically destructive and has a dismal response to virtually all therapeutic modalities. One phenomenon that can contribute to this complexity is the presence of a relatively small subset of glioma stem cells (GSCs) within the tumor and the activation of pathways that control(More)
Sequences of the protein 1 (P1) and coat protein (CP) coding regions of 22 sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV) isolates were determined. Phylogenetic analysis showed that SCSMV had at least three major lineages, and the lineages seemed to reflect geographical origin. The sudden expansions of the Chinese and Indian subpopulations were supported by(More)
Replicating circular RNAs are independent plant pathogens known as viroids, or act to modulate the pathogenesis of plant and animal viruses as their satellite RNAs. The rate of discovery of these subviral pathogens was low over the past 40 years because the classical approaches are technical demanding and time-consuming. We previously described an approach(More)
Potato virus M (PVM), pepino mosaic virus (PepMV), tomato mosaic virus (ToMV), and potato virus S (PVS) infect pepino and cause serious crop losses. In this study, a multiplex RT-PCR method was developed for simultaneous detection and differentiation of PVS, ToMV, PepMV and PVM. The method was highly reliable and sensitive; validation was accomplished by(More)
Potato virus M (PVM, genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexviridae) is considered to be one of most economically important pathogens of pepino in China. However, the details and the mechanisms underlying PVM evolution are unknown. In this study, we determined and analyzed 40 TGB 1 gene sequences, 67 TGB 2 and TGB 3 gene sequences, and 88 CP and NABP gene(More)
In this study, we generated sequences of the apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) coat protein (CP) gene. Genetic variation and phylogenetic analyses were carried out on these sequences along with others reported previously. ACLSV populations clustered into four types: in three of the four types, combinations of three amino acids at positions of 40, 75(More)
The complete nucleotide sequences of two isolates of apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (Z1 and Z3) collected from peach in Henan Province, China, were determined. The genomes of both Z1 and Z3 were found to contain three open reading frames (ORFs). Sequence analysis showed that genomic sequences of Z1 and Z3 isolates shared 67.4%-82.9% and 67.2%-82.6%(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of intraventricular pre-treatment with recombinant adeno-associated virus vectors encoding VEGF (rAAV-VEGF) on early stroke in a rat model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). METHODS rAAV-VEGF, rAAV-null or physiologic saline was delivered into the lateral ventricle of 93 Wistar rats, respectively. Eight(More)
Co-infections of Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV) and Cherry green ring mottle virus (CGRMV) in peach is common in China and have resulted in significant yield reductions. A reliable, sensitive and quantitive method is needed to detect and distinguish between ACLSV and CGRMV in peach. We developed a sensitive and specific SYBR Green-I based RT-qPCR(More)
A major challenge in the agricultural industry is the development of techniques that can screen plant samples for viroid infection. Microarrays are promising in this regard, as their high throughput nature can potentially allow for the detection of a range of viroids in a single test. In this paper we present a microarray that can detect a wide spectrum of(More)