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A novel property of spider silk: chemical defence against ants
Spider webs are made of silk, the properties of which ensure remarkable efficiency at capturing prey. However, remaining on, or near, the web exposes the resident spiders to many potential predators,Expand
Mate binding: male adaptation to sexual conflict in the golden orb-web spider (Nephilidae: Nephila pilipes)
To counter female resistance to mating and cannibalism, males of many animal species have evolved a variety of behavioural adaptations. Here we investigated a novel copulatory courtship behaviour,Expand
A nocturnal cursorial predator attracts flying prey with a visual lure
Body coloration has been known to play an important role in animal visual communication. Attraction of prey by visual signals, such as bright body coloration, has been mainly observed in diurnalExpand
A trap and a lure: dual function of a nocturnal animal construction
Animals that use deceptive visual signals to attract prey often employ colour mimicry or bioluminescence but less commonly self-excreted lures. The conspicuous web decorations and silks of someExpand
Webs: Diversity, Structure and Function
Web building has been such a highly successful foraging innovation among spiders that the vast majority of extant spiders are web builders. The structure of spider webs varies substantially betweenExpand
Eunuch supremacy: evolution of post-mating spider emasculation
Emasculation—males becoming effectively sterile by self-removing their genitals—has long been considered a peculiar evolutionary phenomenon with unknown function, taxonomically restricted to fewExpand
Vision-mediated courtship in a nocturnal arthropod
Visual signals are widely used by animals in foraging, mating and predator avoidance. Body coloration plays an important role in the reproductive behavioural interactions of many diurnal animalExpand
Crypsis via leg clustering: twig masquerading in a spider
The role of background matching in camouflage has been extensively studied. However, contour modification has received far less attention, especially in twig-mimicking species. Here, we studied thisExpand
Larval Behavior Probably Associated with Respiration in Luciola substriata Gorham (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)
Abstract The larval behaviors probably associated with respiration are reported in different larval instars of Luciola substriata Gorham (Coleoptera: Lampyridae). The behavior involved exposingExpand