Shiaw-Min Hwang

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to isolate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from amniotic fluid obtained by second-trimester amniocentesis. METHODS A novel two-stage culture protocol for culturing MSCs was developed. Flow cytometry, RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry were used to analyse the phenotypic characteristics of the cultured MSCs. Von Kossa, Oil(More)
Bone marrow and umbilical cord blood are reported to be the main sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which have been proposed for many clinical applications. This study evaluated and quantitated the differentiation potential of bone marrow-derived MSCs (bmMSCs) and cord blood-derived MSCs (cbMSCs) by in vitro induction. Results indicated that cbMSCs(More)
Recent evidence has shown that amniotic fluid may be a novel source of fetal stem cells for therapeutic transplantation. We previously developed a two-stage culture protocol to isolate a population of amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AFMSCs) from second-trimester amniocentesis. AFMSCs maintain the capacity to differentiate into multiple(More)
Using high-density oligonucleotide microarrays and functional network analyses, we examined whether MSCs derived from four different origins exhibited unique gene expression profiles individually and then compared the gene expression profiles of all MSCs with those of fetal organs. Our results indicated that within each group of MSCs from the same origin,(More)
Cell transplantation via direct intramyocardial injection is a promising therapy for patients with myocardial infarction; however, retention of the transplanted cells at the injection sites remains a central issue following injection of dissociated cells. Using a thermoresponsive hydrogel system with a multiwell structure, we successfully developed an(More)
Human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs) derived from second-trimester amniocentesis were evaluated for the therapeutic potential of cardiac repair. Whether hAFSCs can be differentiated into cardiomyogenic cells and toward the maturation of endothelial cell lineage was investigated in vitro using mimicking differentiation milieu. Employing an(More)
The amniotic membrane has been clinically applied as a therapeutic material in wound covering and corneal surface reconstruction. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been isolated from the placenta, specifically from the amniotic membrane. However, the localization of MSCs in the amniotic membrane has not been determined. In this study, term(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are functionally unique for their self-renewal ability and pluripotency, but the molecular mechanisms giving rise to these properties are not fully understood. hESCs can differentiate into embryoid bodies (EBs) containing ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. In the miR-200 family, miR-200c was especially enriched in(More)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play regulatory roles in cancers. LncRNA PTENP1 is a pseudogene of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN but its roles in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have yet to be explored. Here we confirmed that PTENP1 and PTEN were downregulated in several HCC cells, thus we constructed Sleeping Beauty (SB)-based hybrid baculovirus (BV)(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), an extracellular lipid mediator, exerts multiple bioactivities through activating G protein-coupled receptors. LPA receptor 3 (LPA(3)) is a member of the endothelial differentiation gene family, which regulates differentiation and development of the circulation system. However, the relationship among the LPA receptors (LPARs)(More)