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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to isolate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from amniotic fluid obtained by second-trimester amniocentesis. METHODS A novel two-stage culture protocol for culturing MSCs was developed. Flow cytometry, RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry were used to analyse the phenotypic characteristics of the cultured MSCs. Von Kossa, Oil(More)
Bone marrow and umbilical cord blood are reported to be the main sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which have been proposed for many clinical applications. This study evaluated and quantitated the differentiation potential of bone marrow-derived MSCs (bmMSCs) and cord blood-derived MSCs (cbMSCs) by in vitro induction. Results indicated that cbMSCs(More)
Using high-density oligonucleotide microarrays and functional network analyses, we examined whether MSCs derived from four different origins exhibited unique gene expression profiles individually and then compared the gene expression profiles of all MSCs with those of fetal organs. Our results indicated that within each group of MSCs from the same origin,(More)
Human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs) derived from second-trimester amniocentesis were evaluated for the therapeutic potential of cardiac repair. Whether hAFSCs can be differentiated into cardiomyogenic cells and toward the maturation of endothelial cell lineage was investigated in vitro using mimicking differentiation milieu. Employing an(More)
Recent evidence has shown that amniotic fluid may be a novel source of fetal stem cells for therapeutic transplantation. We previously developed a two-stage culture protocol to isolate a population of amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AFMSCs) from second-trimester amniocentesis. AFMSCs maintain the capacity to differentiate into multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have drawn considerable attention as vehicles for cell- or gene-based therapies, yet various problems still exist for current gene delivery vectors. On the other hand, baculovirus has emerged as a novel gene therapy vector, but its transduction of stem cells has not been reported. METHODS A recombinant baculovirus(More)
The amniotic membrane has been clinically applied as a therapeutic material in wound covering and corneal surface reconstruction. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been isolated from the placenta, specifically from the amniotic membrane. However, the localization of MSCs in the amniotic membrane has not been determined. In this study, term(More)
The development of ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is a promising approach to restore the required bone marrow function of patients with hematological disorders. Previously, we have reported the development of an optimized serum-free and cytokines-limited defined medium using statistic methodology for umbilical cord blood-derived HSC(More)
We used cytokine protein array to analyze the expression of cytokines from human cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (CB-MSCs). Several cytokines, interleukins (IL), and growth factors, including ENA-78, GM-CSF, GRO, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, OSM, VEGF, FGF-4, FGF-7, FGF-9, GCP-2, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IP-10, LIF, MIF, MIP-3alpha,(More)
Chitinous materials have been studied in wound healing and artificial skin substitutes for many years. Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to contribute to cytotoxicity in cell proliferation during inflammation of wound healing. In this study, we examined the effect of chitin and its derivatives on NO production by activated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Chitin and(More)