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Because optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) networks are expected to be realized for building up backbone in the near future, multicasting in WDM networks needs to be addressed for various network applications. This paper studies an extended multicast routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) problem called multicast routing and wavelength(More)
Because optical WDM networks will become a realistic choice for buildings backbones , multicasting in the WDM network should be supported for various network applications. In this paper, a new multicast problem, Multicast Routing under Delay Constraint Problem (MRDCP), routing a request with delay bound to all destinations in a WDM network with different(More)
—In this paper, we propose a genetic-algorithm-based fuzzy-knowledge integration framework that can simultaneously integrate multiple fuzzy rule sets and their membership function sets. The proposed approach consists of two phases: fuzzy knowledge encoding and fuzzy knowledge integration. In the encoding phase, each fuzzy rule set with its associated(More)