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Nitric oxide (NO) is a second messenger with multifunction that is involved in plant growth, development and the acquisition of stress tolerance. In recent years, hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) has been found to have similar functions, but crosstalk between NO and H(2)S in the acquisition of heat tolerance is not clear. In this study, pretreatment with the NO(More)
The microbial community and its diversity in production water from a high-temperature, water-flooded petroleum reservoir of an offshore oilfield in China were characterized by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA gene clone libraries were constructed from the community DNA and, using sequence analysis, 388 bacterial and 220(More)
Despite the knowledge on anaerobic degradation of hydrocarbons and signature metabolites in the oil reservoirs, little is known about the functioning microbes and the related biochemical pathways involved, especially about the methanogenic communities. In the present study, a methanogenic consortium enriched from high-temperature oil reservoir production(More)
The methanogenic alkanes-degrading enrichment culture which had been incubated for over 1,300 days amended with n-alkanes (C15–C20) was investigated through clone libraries of bacteria, archaea and assA, mcrA functional genes. These enrichment cultures were obtained from oily sludge after an initial incubation of the oily sludge without any carbon source(More)
A TOF MS/MS method to directly determine the amino acid sequence in a cyclic lipopeptide without its hydrolysis is described. The fragments of the peptide and the hydrocarbon chains were identified through comparing the MS of two analogues of the lipopeptide; the connecting relationship of amino acid residues in the lipopeptide was determined based on the(More)
Water from a continental high-temperature, long-term water-flooded petroleum reservoir in Huabei Oilfield in China was analysed for its bacterial community and diversity. The bacteria were characterized by their 16S rRNA genes. A 16S rRNA gene clone library was constructed from the community DNA, and using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis,(More)
Microbial assemblage in an n-alkanes-dependent thermophilic methanogenic enrichment cultures derived from production waters of a high-temperature petroleum reservoir was investigated in this study. Substantially higher amounts of methane were generated from the enrichment cultures incubated at 55 °C for 528 days with a mixture of long-chain n-alkanes(More)
Calcium (Ca2+)/calmodulin (CaM), a core component of calcium messenger system, is a multiple second messenger that is involved in multiple stress tolerance including heat tolerance in plants, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is fast emerging similar functions, but Ca2+ and H2S crosstalk in the acquisition of thermotolerance is not completely understood. In this(More)
A low-temperature-active and salt-tolerant β-mannanase produced by a novel mannanase-producer, Enterobacter sp. strain N18, was isolated, purified and then evaluated for its potential application as a gel-breaker in relation to viscosity reduction of guar-based hydraulic fracturing fluids used in oil field. The enzyme could lower the viscosity of guar gum(More)
The diversity of an archaeal community was analyzed in the water from a continental high-temperature, long-term water-flooded petroleum reservoir in Huabei Oilfield in China. The archaea were characterized by their 16S rRNA genes. An archaeal 16S rDNA clone library was constructed from the DNA isolated from the formation water, and 237 randomly selected(More)