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Recent nonlinear dynamical systems (NDS) techniques have been developed to analyse chaotic time series data. According to NDS theory, the correlation dimension and predictable time scale are evaluated from a single observed time series. Two case studies are presented to demonstrate that chaos exists in the evolution of a landslide and the predictable time(More)
Although cell transfection by viral vectors is highly efficient, undesirable side effects including immunogenicity, toxicity and carcinogenesis have to be taken into consideration before their clinical applications. In contrast, most non-viral vectors, such as chitosan, are advantageous due to their biocompatibility, biodegradability, low toxicity and(More)
Dielectric loaded graphene plasmon waveguide (DLGPW) is proposed and investigated. An analytical model based on effective-index method is presented and verified by the finite element method simulations. The mode effective index, propagation loss, cutoff wavelength of higher order modes and single-mode operation region were derived at mid-infrared spectral(More)
this paper presents self-organize network architecture for cognitive radio (CR). In order to increase the flexibility of CR, a division method and corresponding network keeping strategy is proposed in this paper, whose key part is finding the cutting edge in the interface graph. The TFCE (Tarjan-find-cutting-edge) algorithm is also given to find the cutting(More)
We report the femtosecond laser propagation in a hybrid graphene/silicon ridge waveguide with demonstration of the ultra-large Kerr coefficient of graphene. We also fabricated a slot-like graphene/silicon ridge waveguide which can enhance its effective Kerr coefficient 1.5 times compared with the graphene/silicon ridge waveguide. Both(More)
A cusp catastrophe model is presented and the necessary and sufficient conditions leading to landslides are discussed. The sliding surface is assumed to be planar and is a combination of two media: medium 1 is elastic-brittle or strain-hardening and medium 2 is strain-softening. The shear stress-strain constitutive model for the strain-softening medium is(More)
We exploit the concept of critical coupling to graphene based chip-integrated applications and numerically demonstrate that a chip-integrated nearly perfect graphene absorber at wavelengths around 1.55 μm can be obtained by graphene nearly critical coupling with a nanobeam cavity. The key points are reducing the radiation loss and transmission possibly,(More)