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The spectrum of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene mutations was determined in 25 families of hyperphenylalaninemia identified by a neonatal screening program in Taiwan. The coding sequence and exon-flanking intron sequences of PAH gene were amplified and sequenced. Mutations were identified in forty-five of the 50 chromosomes. R241C was the most common(More)
The bile salt export pump (Bsep) mediates the hepatic excretion of bile acids, and its deficiency causes progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis. The current study aimed to induce bile acid stress in Bsep(-/-) mice and to test the efficacy of hepatocyte transplantation in this disease model. We fed Bsep(-/-) and wild-type mice cholic acid (CA) or(More)
Neonatal-type nonketotic hyperglycinemia treatment remains unsatisfactory, even if started early. A review of six patients who underwent treatment for neonatal-type nonketotic hyperglycinemia in our hospital is presented. All patients were treated with a standardized protocol. Medical histories were retrieved from case notes. All six patients had elevated(More)
Neonatal screening for hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) has been performed in Taiwan for more than 20 years. In this paper, we studied 21 cases of HPA caused by phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency. These patients were detected by a single newborn screening center over ten-years, and the incidence was one in 63,690. According to the initial plasma(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is the most common inherited urea cycle disorder. It is an X-linked semidominant disease with variable severity affecting both males and females. The characteristics and course have not been assessed in Taiwanese. This study analyzed the phenotype and genotype of OTC deficiency in Taiwanese.(More)
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