Shi-Lung Lin

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Global demethylation is required for early zygote development to establish stem cell pluripotency, yet our findings reiterate this epigenetic reprogramming event in somatic cells through ectopic introduction of mir-302 function. Here, we report that induced mir-302 expression beyond 1.3-fold of the concentration in human embryonic stem (hES) H1 and H9 cells(More)
Nearly 97% of the human genome is composed of noncoding DNA, which varies from one species to another. Changes in these sequences often manifest themselves in clinical and circumstantial malfunction. Numerous genes in these non-protein-coding regions encode microRNAs, which are responsible for RNA-mediated gene silencing through RNA interference (RNAi)-like(More)
Regenerative medicine using spluripotent/multipotent stem cells holds a great promise in developing therapies for treating developmental abnormalities, degenerative disorders, and aging-related illness. However, supply and safety of the stem cells are two major problems with today's regenerative medicine. Recent development of induced pluripotent stem cells(More)
Utilization of gene silencing effectors, such as microRNA (miRNA) and small hairpin RNA (shRNA), provides a powerful new strategy for human skin care in vivo, particularly for hyperpigmentation treatment and aging prevention. In this study, tyrosinase (Tyr), the rate-limiting enzyme of melanin (black pigment) biosynthesis, was served as a target for(More)
Excessive accumulation of embryonic stem cell (ESC)-specific microRNAs occurs in both ESCs and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC); yet, the mechanism involved is unknown. In iPSCs, we for the first time found that novel glycylated sugar alcohols, particularly glycylglycerins, are tightly bound with ESC-specific microRNA precursors (pre-miRNA), such as(More)
The majority of the human genome is comprised of non-coding DNA, which frequently contains redundant microsatellite-like trinucleotide repeats. Many of these trinucleotide repeats are involved in triplet repeat expansion diseases (TREDs) such as fragile X syndrome (FXS). After transcription, the trinucleotide repeats can fold into RNA hairpins and are(More)
A new class of repeat-associated microRNA (ramRNA) is identified to hinder normal brain development in ze-brafish. Previous studies have shown that small hairpin RNAs derived from the 5'-untranslational CGG/CCG trinucleotide repeat [r(CGG)] expansion of fragile X mental retardation gene 1, FMR1, may cause neuronal toxicity in fragile X mental retardation(More)
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