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Electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) are ubiquitous in environment and have important application in the fields of biogeochemistry, environment, microbiology and bioenergy. However, rapid and sensitive methods for EAB identification and evaluation of their extracellular electron transfer ability are still lacking. Herein we report a novel photometric(More)
The contribution of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), including loosely bound EPS (LB-EPS) and tightly bound EPS (TB-EPS), to the aggregation of both aerobic and anaerobic sludge is explored using the extended DLVO theory. It is observed that the aggregation abilities of both sludge samples decrease with the extraction of LB-EPS and TB-EPS, implying(More)
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), a complex high-molecular-weight mixture of polymers excreted by microorganisms and produced from cell lysis, may have a high bioflocculation activity. In this work, the EPS excreted from Bacillus megaterium TF10, which was isolated from a soil sample, were systematically characterized to give insights into the(More)
Flocculation process is one of the most widely used techniques for water and wastewater treatment, and also for sludge dewatering. Synthesis of natural biopolymers or modification of natural biopolymers as environmentally friendly flocculants is highly desired in the field of environmental protection. In this work, a water soluble copolymer flocculant,(More)
The flocculation of microorganisms plays a crucial role in bioreactors, and is substantially affected by pH. However, the mechanism for such an effect remains unclear. In this work, with an integrated approach, the pH dependence of structure and surface property of microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), excreted from Bacillus megaterium TF10,(More)
Pulp mill wastewater was treated using the coagulation-flocculation process with aluminum chloride as the coagulant and a modified natural polymer, starch-g-PAM-g-PDMC [polyacrylamide and poly (2-methacryloyloxyethyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride], as the flocculant. A novel approach with a combination of response surface methodology (RSM) and uniform design(More)
Electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) have the ability to transfer electrons to electron acceptors located outside the cell, and they are widely present in diverse environments. In spite of their important roles in geochemical cycles, environmental remediation and electricity generation, so far, only a limited number and types of EAB have been isolated(More)
In this study, 27 strains of electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) were rapidly isolated and their capabilities of extracellular electron transfer were identified using a photometric method based on WO3 nanoclusters. These strains caused color change of WO3 from white to blue in a 24-well agar plate within 40 h. Most of the isolated EAB strains belonged(More)
In this work, pulp mill wastewater was treated using a novel copolymer flocculant with a high water-solubility, which was synthesized through grafting (2-methacryloyloxyethyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride (DMC) onto chitosan initiated by potassium persulphate. The experimental results demonstrate that the two main problems associated with the utilization of(More)
Photocatalytic oxidation mediated by TiO(2) is a promising oxidation process for degradation of organic pollutants, but suffers from the decreased photocatalytic efficiency attributed to the recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes. Thus, a cost-effective supply of external electrons is an effective way to elevate the photocatalytic efficiency.(More)