Shi-Hsiang Shen

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Several peptide fragments are produced by proteolytic cleavage of the opioid peptide precursor proenkephalin A, and among these are a number of enkephalin fragments, in particular bovine adrenal medulla peptide 22 (BAM22). These peptide products have been implicated in diverse biological functions, including analgesia. We have cloned a newly identified(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small RNAs of approximately 22 nt that regulate the gene expression by base pairing with target mRNAs, leading to mRNA cleavage or translational repression. It is currently estimated that miRNAs account for approximately 1% of predicted genes in higher eukaryotic genomes and that up to 30% of genes might be regulated by(More)
T cell activation is a critical step in the development of a proper immune response to infection and inflammation. This dynamic process requires efficient T cell receptor signaling, which in turn is modulated by integrin receptor activation and the actin cytoskeleton. CD45 is a key player in T cell receptor mediated signal transduction. However, its exact(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding small RNAs that regulate gene expression by base pairing with target mRNAs at the 3'-terminal untranslated regions (3'-UTRs), leading to mRNA cleavage or translational repression. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located at miRNA-binding sites (miRNA-binding SNPs) are likely to affect the expression of the(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor that primarily dephosphorylates phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate to down-regulate the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway. Although the cellular functions of PTEN as a tumor suppressor have been well characterized, the mechanism by which PTEN activity is modulated by other signal molecules in vivo remains(More)
T cell receptor (TCR) engagement triggers a series of events including protein tyrosine kinase activation, tyrosine phosphorylation of adapter proteins, and multiple protein-protein interactions. We observed that adapter protein SKAP55, the Src kinase-associated phosphoprotein, formed homodimers through its SH3 domain and SK region. SKAP55 as a substrate(More)
SIT4 encodes the multifunctional catalytic subunit of a type 2A-related protein phosphatase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and has been implicated in cell cycle regulation and nitrogen sensing. We have identified the Candida albicans homologue of SIT4, and we show that its disruption caused a significant reduction in general growth rate, in hyphal outgrowth(More)
We have identified a large family of glucose transporter genes (HGT1 to HGT20) from the human pathogenic yeast Candida albicans by screening of genomic sequences, reverse-transcription PCR assays, and phylogenetic analyses. The putative glucose transporter ORF sequences share among themselves 10–93% pairwise sequence identity and, in comparative analyses of(More)
REOLYSIN® (pelareorep) is a proprietary isolate of the reovirus T3D (Type 3 Dearing) strain which is currently being tested in clinical trials as an anticancer therapeutic agent. Reovirus genomes are composed of ten segments of double-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) characterized by genome size: large (L1, L2, and L3), medium (M1, M2, and M3), and small(More)
Regulated expression of transgenes in mammals is an important technique in both functional genomic studies and clinical applications. Here we describe a regulated gene expression system for mammals, based on coumarin-switched dimerization of the bacterial DNA gyrase B subunit (GyrB). The transactivator was constructed by fusing the GyrB activator to the(More)