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Determination of the minimum gene set for cellular life is one of the central goals in biology. Genome-wide essential gene identification has progressed rapidly in certain bacterial species; however, it remains difficult to achieve in most eukaryotic species. Several computational models have recently been developed to integrate gene features and used as(More)
BACKGROUND The myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) gene family is broadly expressed during the development and maintenance of muscle cells. Although a great deal has been elucidated concerning MEF2 transcription factors' regulation of specific gene expression in diverse programs and adaptive responses, little is known about the origin and evolution of the four(More)
Messenger RNA (mRNA) secondary structure decreases the elongation rate, as ribosomes must unwind every structure they encounter during translation. Therefore, the strength of mRNA secondary structure is assumed to be reduced in highly translated mRNAs. However, previous studies in vitro reported a positive correlation between mRNA folding strength and(More)
BACKGROUND The inference of homology from statistically significant sequence similarity is a central issue in sequence alignments. So far the statistical distribution function underlying the optimal global alignments has not been completely determined. RESULTS In this study, random and real but unrelated sequences prepared in six different ways were(More)
Understanding intra-molecular coevolution helps to elucidate various structural and functional constraints acting on molecules and might have practical applications in predicting molecular structure and interactions. In this study, we used 5S rRNA as a template to investigate how selective constraints have shaped the RNA evolution. We have observed the(More)
Nucleotide insertions and deletions (indels) are responsible for gaps in the sequence alignments. Indel is one of the major sources of evolutionary change at the molecular level. We have examined the patterns of insertions and deletions in the 19 mammalian genomes, and found that deletion events are more common than insertions in the mammalian genomes. Both(More)
This paper establishes that recombination drives the evolution of GC content in a significant way. Because the human P-arm pseudoautosomal region (PAR1) has been shown to have a high recombination rate, at least 20-fold more frequent than the genomic average of approximately 1 cM/Mb, this region provides an ideal system to study the role of recombination in(More)
Various regulatory elements in messenger RNAs (mRNAs) carrying the secondary structure play important roles in a wide range of expression processes. Numerous recent works have focused on the discovery of these functional elements that contain the conserved mRNA structures. However, to date, regions with high structural stability have been largely(More)
BACKGROUND In any natural population, mutation is the primary source of genetic variation required for evolutionary novelty and adaptation. Nevertheless, most mutations, especially those with phenotypic effects, are harmful and are consequently removed by natural selection. For this reason, under natural selection, an organism will evolve to a lower(More)
Several biclustering algorithms have been proposed to identify biclusters, in which genes share similar expression patterns across a number of conditions. However, different algorithms would yield different biclusters and further lead to distinct conclusions. Therefore, some testing and comparisons between these algorithms are strongly required. In this(More)