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The mechanisms involved in the targeting of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), critical for their functional organization at neuronal synapses, are not well understood. We have identified a novel functional association between alpha4beta2 AChRs and the presynaptic cell adhesion molecule, neurexin-1beta. In non-neuronal tsA 201 cells,(More)
The structural determinants of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) trafficking have yet to be fully elucidated. Hydrophobic residues occur within short motifs important for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export or endocytotic trafficking. Hence, we tested whether highly conserved hydrophobic residues, primarily leucines, in the cytoplasmic domain of the(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is one of the most toxic environmental pollutants. In the present study, we examined c-Fos expression in the central nervous system (CNS) after administration of a lethal dose of TCDD to the adult Long-Evans rat to clarify if the CNS participates in TCDD-induced intoxication. A single dose of TCDD (dissolved in(More)
Orexins, novel neuropeptides, are exclusively localized in the hypothalamus and implicated in the regulation of a variety of activities, including food intake and energy balance. Nitric oxide (NO), an unconventional neurotransmitter, is widely present in numerous brain regions including the hypothalamus, and has similar physiological roles to those of the(More)
The fourth or lateral ventricular injection of endothelin-1 resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the barrel rotation and produced marked induction of c-Fos-positive cells in the vestibular nuclei. The doses of the former injection were lower and had shorter mean latent periods compared with the later injection. c-Fos expression after endothelin-1(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) gastric administration on the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and the NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activities in the brain of the Long-Evans rat. A single dose of TCDD (dissolved in olive oil, 50 microg/kg) or olive oil alone was administered to the(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is considered to be one of the most toxic environmental contaminants, named dioxin. Exposure to TCDD induces a plethora of intoxication symptoms, including anorexia and hypothermia, in several mammals and human. Enkephalin, an endogenous pentapeptide, is an important neuroregulator of autonomic functions, such as(More)
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