Learn More
The mechanisms involved in the targeting of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), critical for their functional organization at neuronal synapses, are not well understood. We have identified a novel functional association between alpha4beta2 AChRs and the presynaptic cell adhesion molecule, neurexin-1beta. In non-neuronal tsA 201 cells,(More)
Orexins, novel neuropeptides, are exclusively localized in the hypothalamus and implicated in the regulation of a variety of activities, including food intake and energy balance. Nitric oxide (NO), an unconventional neurotransmitter, is widely present in numerous brain regions including the hypothalamus, and has similar physiological roles to those of the(More)
The structural determinants of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) trafficking have yet to be fully elucidated. Hydrophobic residues occur within short motifs important for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export or endocytotic trafficking. Hence, we tested whether highly conserved hydrophobic residues, primarily leucines, in the cytoplasmic domain of the(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is one of the most toxic environmental pollutants. In the present study, we examined c-Fos expression in the central nervous system (CNS) after administration of a lethal dose of TCDD to the adult Long-Evans rat to clarify if the CNS participates in TCDD-induced intoxication. A single dose of TCDD (dissolved in(More)
A photoreactive derivative of procaine, p-azidobenzoyldiethylaminoethanol hydrochloride, has been synthesized and used as a site-directed probe to label hepatocyte plasma membranes. The procaine derivative was shown to have membrane binding and Ca2+ displacement characteristics quite similar to that of procaine. Photolysis of the derivative in the presence(More)
The reaction of glucagon with 4-fluoro-3-nitrophenylazide has been shown to afford the photosensitive derivative, Nepsilon-4-azido-2-nitrophenyl-glucagon. The structure and properties of this derivative were established by amino acid analysis, absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy, deamination, Edman degradation and photolysis. This photoaffinity(More)
The fluorescence probe 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate (ANS) has been used to characterize the anion transport properties of normal hepatocytes and hepatoma tissue culture cells. Incubation of hepatocytes in the presence of ANS (20 micron) resulted in a 35-fold enhancement of fluorescence and a 50 nm blue shift. The time course of this process is biphasic.(More)