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The polyamines putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD), and spermine (SPM) are a family of low molecular weight organic cations that play essential intracellular regulatory roles in cell growth and differentiation. Consistent with this important function, increases in cellular polyamine contents are necessary for a variety of physiologic and pathologic events in(More)
The polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine (SPM) are low molecular weight organic cations that play essential intracellular regulatory roles in cell growth and differentiation. Whereas both de novo polyamine synthesis and transmembrane transport regulate cell polyamine contents, exploitation of pathways as pharmacologic targets has been limited by(More)
Purpose: To determine factors which influence the sensitivity of human colorectal carcinoma cell lines to paclitaxel. Methods: The paclitaxel sensitivity of ten human colorectal carcinoma cell lines, and a panel of RKO colon carcinoma cell lines, isogenic except for p53 status, were studied. The inhibitory concentrations causing a 50% decrease in growth(More)
Increased polyamine transport may be a key mechanism driving elevations in lung cell polyamine content necessary for the development of chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) in culture exhibit two carriers for polyamines, a non-selective one shared by the three polyamines, putrescine (PUT), spermidine(More)
The use of a combination of monofluorescein adducts of spermidine (FL-SPD) and spermine (FL-SPM) with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) provides a useful means for monitoring the fate and time-dependent changes in the distribution of transported polyamines within living cells. Polyamine-fluorescein adducts were synthesized from fluorescein(More)
Increased arterial wall polyamine content has been linked to intimal hyperplasia (IH) formation. Intracellular polyamine content may be regulated by a polyamine transmembrane transport mechanism, but the existence of such a system has not been demonstrated in systemic arterial smooth muscle cells. This study characterizes polyamine transport as found in rat(More)
Oxidative stress may be involved in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced endothelial cell injury and upregulation of extracellular matrix proteins in the pulmonary vasculature. To test this hypothesis, cytotoxicity, expression and distribution of tenascin (TN) as well as cellular oxidation were determined in porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) exposed(More)
 We have previously descibed the synthesis of a cytotoxic polymeric conjugate of spermine (Poly-SPM) which is able to inhibit the transport of polyamines (spermine, spermidine, and putrescine) into normal and malignant cells. Recent studies examining the toxicity of Poly-SPM in parental and multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer cells have revealed a cross-(More)
1. GABAB agonists inhibit neuronal processes which are important in the pathogenesis of airway disease, such as bronchospasm. Cough is a prominent symptom of pulmonary disease, but the effects of GABAB agonists on this airway reflex are unknown. Experiments were conducted to determine the antitussive effect of GABAB receptor agonists in comparison to the(More)
The polyamines, putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD) and spermine (SPM), are a family of low molecular weight organic cations that are essential for cell growth, differentiation and neoplastic transformation. The marked compensatory increase in extracellular polyamine influx may be a reason for the unsatisfactory clinical chemotherapeutic effect of polyamine(More)