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Psychostimulants like amphetamine and methylphenidate (MPD) are used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is marked by developmentally inappropriate inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Neuropsychological analyses indicate that ADHD patients are impaired on tasks of behavioral inhibition, reward reversal, and working(More)
Progressive augmentation of behavioral response following repeated psychostimulant administrations is known as behavioral sensitization, and is an indicator of a drug's liability for abuse. It is known that methylphenidate (MPD) (also known as Ritalin), a drug used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), induces sensitization in animals(More)
The psychostimulant amphetamine (Amph) is widely used treatments for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Chronic intermittent exposure to psychostimulants induces behavioral sensitization. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) in the acute and chronic effect of Amph using the open-field assay. Male(More)
To characterize the contribution of interleukin-6 (IL-6) to spinal cord injury pain (SCIP), we employed a clinically relevant rat contusion model of SCIP. Using Western blots, we measured IL-6 levels in lumbar segments (L1-L5), at the lesion site (T10), and in the corresponding lumbar and thoracic dorsal root ganglia (DRG) in 2 groups of similarly injured(More)
A laser Doppler velocimeter employing a microscope objective as the receiving lens has been developed for measuring fluid velocity inside the boundary layer flow field with a spatial resolution of 40 microm. The method was applied for direct measurement of aerodynamic skin friction drag from the measured velocity gradient at the wall. Experimental results(More)
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