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The RPS3 and RPM1 disease resistance loci of Arabidopsis confer resistance to Pseudomonas syringae strains that carry the avirulence genes avrB and avrRpm1, respectively. We have previously shown that RPS3 and RPM1 are closely linked genetically. Here, we show that RPS3 and RPM1 are in fact the same gene. We screened a mutagenized Arabidopsis population(More)
The avrRpt2 locus from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato causes virulent strains of P. syringae to be avirulent on some, but not all, lines of Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine max (soybean). We determined the DNA sequence of the avrRpt2 locus and identified the avrRpt2 gene as a 768-bp open reading frame encoding a putative 28.2-kDa protein. Deletion analysis(More)
Microtubules function in concert with associated proteins that modify microtubule behavior and/or transmit signals that effect changes in growth. To better understand how microtubules and their associated proteins influence growth, we analyzed one family of microtubule-associated proteins, the END BINDING1 (EB1) proteins, in Arabidopsis thaliana (EB1a,(More)
Zygotes and embryos of the fucoid brown alga Pelvetia compressa undergo a series of asymmetric cleavages. We are interested in the developmental role of these cleavages and the mechanism controlling their alignment. To assess the importance of division plane alignment, the orientation of the first asymmetric division was altered and the effects on(More)
There are two quite different modes of polar cell expansion in plant cells, namely, diffuse growth and tip growth. The direction of diffuse growth is determined by the orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the cell wall, which in turn are aligned by microtubules in the cell cortex. The orientation of the cortical microtubule array changes in response to(More)
The mechanism of cytokinesis was investigated during the first asymmetric division in fucoid zygotes. A plate of actin assembled midway between daughter nuclei where microtubules interdigitated and defined the cytokinetic plane. A membrane was then deposited in islands throughout the cytokinetic plane; the islands eventually fused into a continuous(More)
The first cell division in zygotes of the fucoid brown alga Pelvetia compressa is asymmetric and we are interested in the mechanism controlling the alignment of this division. Since the division plane bisects the mitotic apparatus, we investigated the timing and mechanism of spindle alignments. Centrosomes, which give rise to spindle poles, aligned with the(More)
S/M checkpoints prevent various aspects of cell division when DNA has not been replicated. Such checkpoints are stringent in yeast and animal somatic cells but are usually partial or not present in animal embryos. Because little is known about S/M checkpoints in plant cells and embryos, we have investigated the effect of aphidicolin, a specific inhibitor of(More)