Sherry Winter

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We have studied cultured skin fibroblasts from three siblings and one unrelated individual, all of whom had fatal mitochondrial disease manifesting soon after birth. After incubation with 1 mM glucose, these four cell strains exhibited lactate/pyruvate ratios that were six times greater than those of controls. On further analysis, enzymatic activities of(More)
Glutathione (GSH) levels are supposed to determine the vulnerability of many cells towards a wide array of insults. We investigated the effects of chronic inhibition of GSH synthesis and acute depletion of GSH on cerebellar granule neurons in vitro and determined cytoplasmic and mitochondrial GSH with relation to mitochondrial function and generation of(More)
Here, we report that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) enhance the cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin and vincristine in T98G human malignant glioma cells. The cytotoxicity of BCNU, cisplatin, VM26, camptothecin, and cytarabine is unaffected by NSAID. No free radical formation is induced by doxorubicin or vincristine in the absence or presence of(More)
In vegetatively propagated Alstroemeria plants that showed pronounced stunting and necrotic leaf spots, a tobravirus infection was diagnosed in which one tobacco rattle virus (TRV, strain AL) RNA1 species was associated with seven different RNA2 species. The latter differed considerably in size and in the types of their 3' RNA1-related sequences. The 5'(More)
Human malignant gliomas are commonly resistant to chemotherapy. Here, we examined the role of the multidrug resistance (mdr) mechanism in the chemoresistance of these tumors, using a twofold approach: (i) by assessing a possible mdr phenotype before and after chronic drug exposure of glioma cells in vitro, and (ii) by assessing the modulation of expression(More)
Steroids are essential for the control of oedema in human malignant glioma patients but may interfere with the efficacy of chemotherapy. Boswellic acids are phytotherapeutic anti-inflammatory agents that may be alternative drugs to corticosteroids in the treatment of cerebral oedema. Here, we report that boswellic acids are cytotoxic to malignant glioma(More)
Neurotransmitters are key molecules of neurotransmission. They are concentrated first in the cytosol and then in small synaptic vesicles of presynaptic terminals by the activity of specific neurotransmitter transporters of the plasma and the vesicular membrane, respectively. It has been shown that postsynaptic responses to single neurotransmitter packets(More)
Neurotransmitters of neurons and neuroendocrine cells are concentrated first in the cytosol and then in either small synaptic vesicles ofpresynaptic terminals or in secretory vesicles by the activity of specific transporters of the plasma and the vesicular membrane, respectively. In the central nervous system the postsynaptic response depends--amongst other(More)
Amphiphysin is a protein peripherally associated with synaptic vesicles. It is expressed in many neurons, certain endocrine cell types, and spermatocytes. Autoantibodies against amphiphysin occur in patients afflicted with a rare neurologic autoimmune disease, paraneoplastic Stiff-Man syndrome. To provide a basis for the understanding of anti-amphiphysin(More)
Beta-lapachone and camptothecin are structurally unrelated agents thought to inhibit topoisomerase-I activity through distinct mechanisms. We find that beta-lapachone is much more potent than camptothecin in inducing acute cytotoxic effects on human malignant glioma cells. Acute cytotoxicity induced by both drugs is apoptotic by electron microscopy, but not(More)