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OBJECTIVE The main obstacle in interpreting EEG/MEG data in terms of brain connectivity is the fact that because of volume conduction, the activity of a single brain source can be observed in many channels. Here, we present an approach which is insensitive to false connectivity arising from volume conduction. METHODS We show that the (complex) coherency(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore effective combinations of computational methods for the prediction of movement intention preceding the production of self-paced right and left hand movements from single trial scalp electroencephalogram (EEG). METHODS Twelve naïve subjects performed self-paced movements consisting of three key strokes with either hand. EEG was(More)
OBJECTIVE Some patients with primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) have a clinical course suggestive of a length-dependent dying-back of corticospinal axons. We measured movement-related cortical potentials (MRCPs) in these patients to determine whether cortical functions that are generated through short, intracortical connections were preserved when functions(More)
BACKGROUND Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) use electroencephalography (EEG) to interpret user intention and control an output device accordingly. We describe a novel BCI method to use a signal from five EEG channels (comprising one primary channel with four additional channels used to calculate its Laplacian derivation) to provide two-dimensional (2-D)(More)
OBJECTIVE To study spatiotemporal patterns of event-related desynchronization (ERD) preceding voluntary sequential finger movements performed with dominant right hand and nondominant left hand. METHODS Nine subjects performed self-paced movements consisting of three key strokes with either hand. Subjects randomized the laterality and timing of movements.(More)
UNLABELLED To explore the reliability of a high performance brain-computer interface (BCI) using non-invasive EEG signals associated with human natural motor behavior does not require extensive training. We propose a new BCI method, where users perform either sustaining or stopping a motor task with time locking to a predefined time window. Nine healthy(More)
Interventional paired associative stimulation (PAS) can induce plasticity in the cortex, and this plasticity was previously shown to be disordered in the primary motor cortex in focal hand dystonia (FHD). This study aimed to test whether associative plasticity is abnormal in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) in FHD and whether PAS modulates excitatory(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate the activity of bilateral parietal and premotor areas during a Go/No Go paradigm involving praxis movements of the dominant hand. METHODS A sentence was presented which instructed subjects on what movement to make (S1; for example, "Show me how to use a hammer."). After an 8-s delay, "Go" or "No Go" (S2) was presented.(More)
Somesthetic temporal discrimination (STD) is impaired in focal hand dystonia (FHD). We explored the electrophysiological correlate of the STD deficit to assess whether this is due to dysfunction of temporal inhibition in the somatosensory inhibitory pathway or due to dysfunction in structures responsible for nonmodality-specific timing integration. Eleven(More)
We sought to determine whether coherent networks which circumvent lesioned cortex are seen in patients with ideomotor apraxia (IMA) while performing tool-use pantomimes. Five normal subjects and five patients with IMA (three patients with corticobasal degeneration and two with left hemisphere stroke) underwent 64-channel EEG recording while performing three(More)