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Association studies based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) can provide high resolution for identifying genes that may contribute to phenotypic variation. We report patterns of local and genome-wide LD in 102 maize inbred lines representing much of the worldwide genetic diversity used in maize breeding, and address its implications for association studies in(More)
Cereal starch production forms the basis of subsistence for much of the world's human and domesticated animal populations. Starch concentration and composition in the maize (Zea mays ssp mays) kernel are complex traits controlled by many genes. In this study, an association approach was used to evaluate six maize candidate genes involved in kernel starch(More)
Maize is both phenotypically and genetically diverse. Sequence studies generally confirm the extensive genetic variability in modern maize is consistent with a lack of selection. For more than 6,000 years, Native Americans and modern breeders have exploited the tremendous genetic diversity of maize (Zea mays ssp. mays) to create the highest yielding grain(More)
Genomics has developed a wide range of tools to identify genes that play roles in specific pathways. However, relating individual genes and alleles to agronomic traits is still quite challenging. We describe how association analysis can be used to relate natural variation at candidate genes with agronomic phenotypes. Association approaches in plants can(More)
The sequential binding of heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) to a series of tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) proteins is critical to its function as a molecular chaperone. We have used site-directed mutagenesis to clarify the structural basis for the binding of hsp90 to the TPR domain of phosphoprotein phosphatase 5 (PP5). This TPR domain was chosen for study(More)
The sequential binding of different tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) proteins to heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) is essential to its chaperone function in vivo. We have previously shown that three basic residues in the TPR domain of PP5 are required for binding to the acidic C-terminal domain of hsp90. We have now tested which acidic residues in this C-terminal(More)
Calcium agonists induce membrane depolarization in endothelial cells through an unknown mechanism. Present studies tested the hypothesis that pulmonary artery endothelial cells express a cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) cation channel activated by store-operated calcium entry to produce membrane depolarization. In the whole-cell configuration, voltage-clamped(More)
A partially dominant nuclear gene conferring resistance to the imidazolinone herbicides was previously identified in the cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) line CLHA-Plus developed by seed mutagenesis. The objective of this study was to characterize this resistant gene at the phenotypic, biochemical and molecular levels. CLHA-Plus showed a complete(More)
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