Sherry L. Spinelli

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For the identification of yeast genes specifying biochemical activities, a genomic strategy that is rapid, sensitive, and widely applicable was developed with an array of 6144 individual yeast strains, each containing a different yeast open reading frame (ORF) fused to glutathione S-transferase (GST). For the identification of ORF-associated activities,(More)
Historically, platelets were viewed as simple anucleate cells responsible for initiating thrombosis and maintaining hemostasis, but clearly they are also key mediators of inflammation and immune cell activation. An emerging body of evidence links platelet function and thrombosis to vascular inflammation. peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs)(More)
The discovery that platelets possess cell membrane, cytoplasmic, and secreted forms of the co-stimulatory molecule CD40 ligand (CD40L, also known as CD154) has led to a revolution in the view of this anucleate, differentiated cell fragment, previously thought only to be involved in blood clotting (hemostasis). During the last decade, it has become clear(More)
During the last three decades, a growing body of clinical, basic science and animal model data has demonstrated that blood transfusions have important effects on the immune system. These effects include: dysregulation of inflammation and innate immunity leading to susceptibility to microbial infection, down-regulation of cellular (T and NK cell) host(More)
BACKGROUND Millions of platelet transfusions are given each year. Transfusion reactions occur in as many as 30% of patients receiving unmodified platelet transfusions. The cause of some transfusion reactions remains unclear. The current paradigm suggests that platelet concentrates (PC) contain proinflammatory mediators that are released by white blood cells(More)
OBJECTIVES Children undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are susceptible to additional inflammatory and immunogenic insults from blood transfusions. We hypothesize that washing red blood cells and platelets transfused to these patients will reduce postoperative transfusion-related immune modulation and inflammation. DESIGN Prospective,(More)
Essentials Specialized proresolving mediators (SPMs) promote the resolution of inflammation. This study sought to investigate the effects of SPMs on human platelet function. The SPM, Maresin 1, enhanced hemostatic, but suppressed inflammatory functions of platelets. SPMs uniquely regulate platelet function and may represent a new class of antiplatelet(More)
tRNA splicing in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires an endonuclease to excise the intron, tRNA ligase to join the tRNA half-molecules, and 2'-phosphotransferase to transfer the splice junction 2'-phosphate from ligated tRNA to NAD, producing ADP ribose 1"-2" cyclic phosphate (Appr>p). We show here that functional 2'-phosphotransferases are found(More)
One molecule of ADP-ribose 1'',2''-cyclic phosphate (Appr>p) is formed during each of the approximately 500 000 tRNA splicing events per Saccharomyces cerevisiae generation. The metabolism of Appr>p remains poorly defined. A cyclic phosphodiesterase (Cpd1p) has been shown to convert Appr>p to ADP-ribose-1''-phosphate (Appr1p). We used a biochemical genomics(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is an important transcription factor for lipid and glucose metabolism. Currently, the PPARgamma ligands rosiglitazone and pioglitazone are used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus because they are potent insulin sensitizers. Recently, PPARgamma has emerged as an important(More)