Sherry L. Freeman

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To understand how virulent mycobacteria subvert host immunity and establish disease, we examined the differential response of mice to infection with various human outbreak Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates. One clinical isolate, HN878, was found to be hypervirulent, as demonstrated by unusually early death of infected immune-competent mice,(More)
In vitro infection of monocytes with Mycobacterium tuberculosis HN878 and related W/Beijing isolates preferentially induced interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-13, which characterize Th2 polarized immunity. In contrast, CDC1551 induced more IL-12 and other molecules associated with phagocyte activation and Th1 protective immunity. The differential(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is thought to promote intracellular infection, including human visceral leishmaniasis, by disabling Th1 cell-type responses and/or deactivating parasitized tissue macrophages. To develop a rationale for IL-10 inhibition as treatment in visceral infection, Th1 cytokine-driven responses were characterized in Leishmania donovani-infected(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis CDC1551, a clinical isolate reported to be hypervirulent and to grow faster than other isolates, was compared with two other clinical isolates (HN60 and HN878) and two laboratory strains (H37Rv and Erdman). The initial (1-14 days) growth of CDC1551, HN60, HN878, and H37Rv was similar in the lungs of aerosol-infected mice, but(More)
In experimental mycobacterial infection, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is required for control of bacillary growth and the protective granulomatous response, but may cause immunopathology. To directly examine the positive and detrimental effects of this cytokine, a murine model was used in which different amounts of TNF-alpha were delivered to the(More)
The role of type I interferons (IFNs) in the host response to bacterial infections is controversial. Here, we examined the role of IFN-alpha/beta in the murine response to infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, using wildtype mice, mice with impaired signaling through the type I IFN receptor (IFNAR), and mice treated to reduce levels of type I IFNs. In(More)
SETTING Experimental murine tuberculosis. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of cytokine modulation by thalidomide on the progression of the lung granulomatous response following aerosol tuberculosis infection in mice. DESIGN Mice infected by the respiratory route with 200-500 viable Mycobacterium tuberculosis Erdman were treated with daily subcutaneous(More)
To control tuberculosis worldwide, the burden of adult pulmonary disease must be reduced. Although widely used, Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination given at birth does not protect against adult pulmonary disease. Therefore, postexposure vaccination of adults with mycobacterial antigens is being considered. We examined the effect of various mycobacterial(More)
Stimulation of human monocytes with LPS induces expression of multiple cytokines, including TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, and IL-10, IL-10 expression is delayed relative to that of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6. Furthermore, IL-10 feedback inhibits expression of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6, thus providing an efficient autocrine mechanism for controlling(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) upregulates expression of certain genes in monocytes, including cell-surface molecules such as HLA class II, B7, and ICAM-1. IFN-gamma also potentiates production of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-12. Conversely, IL-10 downregulates expression of many of these same(More)