Sherry L Cuthbertson

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The masking of antigens by aldehyde-containing fixatives or by paraffin embedding procedures is a problem for immunohistochemical studies. Enzymatic digestion, formic acid treatment, microwave heating and autoclave heating have been used to deal with this problem, with microwave heating-based antigen retrieval having become widely used as the method of(More)
Area X is a nucleus within songbird basal ganglia that is part of the anterior forebrain song learning circuit. It receives cortical song-related input and projects to the dorsolateral medial nucleus of thalamus (DLM). We carried out single- and double-labeled immunohistochemical and pathway tracing studies in male zebra finch to characterize the cellular(More)
Orbital and choroidal blood vessels in mammals are known to receive a parasympathetic innervation from the pterygopalatine ganglion, which appears to utilize vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and nitric oxide (NO) to increase choroidal blood flow. The present studies were undertaken to elucidate the anatomical and neurotransmitter organization of the(More)
The avian ciliary ganglion (CG) controls choroidal blood flow by its choroidal neurons, and pupil constriction and accommodation by its ciliary neurons. It was previously reported that both choroidal and ciliary neurons label positively for NADPH diaphorase (NADPHd), a marker for nitric oxide synthase (NOS). To assess if this labeling is preganglionic or(More)
Ophthalmic sensory nerve fibers containing substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide' innervate the choroid in mammals and are known to vasodilate choroidal blood vessels. The avian choroid is also innervated by ophthalmic nerve fibers containing substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide. The present studies were carried out to determine the(More)
The Edinger-Westphal nucleus (EWN) is a central preganglionic parasympathetic cell group that gives rise to cholinergic input to the ciliary ganglion, thereby regulating several neurovegetative ocular functions. Recently, the supposed presence of the neuropeptide urocortin (UCN) has been reported in EWN neurons in rodent brain. The purpose of the present(More)
The choroid receives extensive parasympathetic innervation, which in birds arises largely from the ciliary ganglion (CG). Since age-related changes in parasympathetic regulation of choroidal blood flow (ChBF) could contribute to age-related retinal decline, we used anatomical and functional methods to determine if ChBF control by the CG shows age-related(More)
PURPOSE The pterygopalatine ganglion (PPG) receives preganglionic input from the superior salivatory nucleus (SSN) of the facial motor complex and is the main source of parasympathetic input to the choroid in mammals. The present study was undertaken to determine in rats the location and neurotransmitters of SSN neurons innervating those PPG neurons that(More)
The distribution of the ciliary ganglion (CG) innervation to the pigeon choroid was determined immunohistochemically, using antisera against choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) and a neurofilament-related protein (the 3A10 antigen). Single-labeling revealed that the nerve fibers containing these two antigens were similarly distributed in the pigeon choroid,(More)
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