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OBJECTIVE To review the literature regarding the use of antiarrhythmic agents in the management of Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome and atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) in infants and children, and to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of specific agents in each arrhythmia in an effort to develop treatment guidelines. DATA(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacy school faculty, residents, and students have been shown to positively impact patient care in multiple settings. However, their potential role in the care of pediatric patients has not been described. OBJECTIVE To document the contribution of pharmacy school faculty, residents, and students to the optimization of medical care for(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the literature regarding the use of antiarrhythmic agents in the management of atrial flutter (AF), atrial fibrillation (Afib), junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET), and atrial ectopic tachycardia (AET) in infants and children. To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of specific agents in each type of arrhythmia in an effort to(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide commentary and reviews and brief discussions in controversial or innovative recent advances in neonatal pharmacotherapy. To discuss cutting edge drug delivery systems that may become useful in neonatal drug delivery in the future. DATA SOURCES Articles were identified through searches of MEDLINE (1990-October 2005), key articles in(More)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the leading causes of death in the neonatal intensive care unit. Morbidity and mortality rates significantly increase with decreases in gestational age and birth weight. Strong evidence suggests probiotic prophylaxis may significantly decrease the incidence of NEC and should therefore be incorporated into the(More)
Few data exist in the literature to support the use of high dosages of oral baclofen and clonidine that are frequently required to treat children with spasticity. This study was a retrospective chart review of baclofen and clonidine dosages used in children diagnosed with cerebral palsy or traumatic brain injury. The primary objective was to calculate the(More)
This report is the first to replicate the earlier findings of Standing et al and validates the inadequacy of reporting of dosage forms used in pediatric drug trials. Journal authors should provide and journal editors should require adequate dosage form information for published reports of pediatric drug trials. We also recommend that compounding pharmacists(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) exposure during pregnancy can result in symptoms of serotonin syndrome or serotonin withdrawal. In contrast to other SSRIs, reports of serotonin behavioral syndrome following in utero exposure to escitalopram and citalopram are limited. We describe a case of suspected toxicity following in utero exposure to 20(More)