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When 54MnCl2 was incubated with fresh bovine or caprine serum for 20 h and the serum subjected to electrophoresis at pH 9.5, the 54Mn bound to transferrin and alpha2-macroglobulin in proportions which varied with the temperature of incubation and the temperature of electrophoresis. Between 0 and 37 degrees C, the higher the temperature of incubation the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether cholesterol, the host cell receptor for pneumolysin of Streptococcus pneumoniae, could effectively treat pneumococcal keratitis. METHODS New Zealand White rabbits were intrastromally injected with 10(5) colony-forming units (CFUs) of S. pneumoniae D39. Corneas were treated with topical drops of 1%(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether active immunization against pneumolysin (PLY), or polysaccharide capsule, protects against the corneal damage associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae keratitis. METHODS New Zealand White rabbits were actively immunized with Freund's adjuvant mixed with pneumolysin toxoid (ψPLY), Pneumovax 23(More)
Influenza A virus evolution in humans is driven at least in part by mutations allowing the virus to escape antibody neutralization. Little is known about the evolution of influenza in birds, a major reservoir of influenza A. Neutralizing polyclonal antiserum was raised in chicken against reassortant influenza virus, CalX, bearing the hemagglutinin (HA) and(More)
Cows of normal reproductive history were treated with progesterone for periods of 2--3 months. The uterine secretions yielded 5 major fractions of macromolecular components. Two of the fractions comprised serum proteins. In the other 3 fractions at least 9 non-serum proteins were observed, 7 in one fraction, but in only small amounts. Of the remaining 2(More)
Proteolytic digests of liver plasma-cell membranes from the cow were fractionated to yield two homogeneous glycopeptides and a third preparation about 92% pure. The composition of the two homogeneous glycopeptides made it clear that they were derived from basement membrane material rather than the plasma membrane. Ruminants are unusual in having large(More)
We have compared the plasma clearance rate of radioactive iron in cows both as ferric chloride and as iron specifically bound to transferrin. We have also repeated the transfusion experiment of Dern et al. (Dern, R.J., Monti A. and Glynn, M.F. (1963) J. Lab. Clin. Med. 61,280-291) using goats. The results show that neither non-specificity bound iron (Bates,(More)
The analysis of gap times in recurrent events requires an adjustment to standard marginal models. One can perform this adjustment with a modified within-cluster resampling technique; however, this method is computationally intensive. In this paper, we describe a simple adjustment to the standard Cox proportional hazards model analysis that mimics the intent(More)
A specimen of intestinal glycoprotein isolated from the pig and two samples of dextran, all of which are polydisperse (that is, the preparations may be regarded as consisting of a continuous distribution of molecular weights), have been examined in the ultracentrifuge under meniscus-depletion conditions at equilibrium. They are compared with each other and(More)