Sherine Brown

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A method is described for the inclusion of apoptotic and necrotic cells in the cell counts obtained in the cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay, which is conventionally used solely for the assessment of chromosome breakage, chromosome loss and frequency of dividing cells. The morphological criteria for the recognition and discrimination between(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that APOC3 gene polymorphisms modulate the effect of saturated fat (SAT) intake on plasma lipoproteins and LDL size. METHODS We studied 336 randomly selected residents from Costa Rica. APOC3 polymorphisms were genotyped in the promoter region (T-455C, T-625del) and the C3238G 3' untranslated region (UTR). Dietary intake(More)
Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) causes a myriad of systemic physiologic derangements including pulmonary neutrophil (PMN) sequestration, increased microvascular permeability, and adult respiratory distress syndrome. It has been suggested that the observed lung injury is mediated by transhepatic passage of portal venous blood from ischemic intestine(More)
A 59-year-old man with ischemic pancreatic disease, polyarthritis, and cutaneous nodules has shown histopathologic findings indicative of disseminated fat necrosis in a percutaneous biopsy specimen from the right knee. The histopathologic findings in the synovium included necrotic fat cells, distorted fat cells and adjacent lymphocytes, lipid laden(More)
We compared the effects of two histamine receptor blocking agents, chlorpheniramine (H1) and cimetidine (H2) on the airways of healthy and asthmatic subjects. Eleven healthy subjects and ten asthmatic patients underwent histamine aerosol challenge. A threshold dose (T) for response to histamine was determined for each subject using maximal expiratory flow(More)
Most healthy subjects challenged with cotton bract extract demonstrate some degree of bronchospasm. This response has been associated with the endogenous production of histamine by the inhalation of cotton bract extract. We examined whether this responsiveness reflects increased sensitivity to histamine. Thirty-one healthy subjects were screened for(More)
The adaptability of intestinal microvillar alpha-disaccharidases to the variation of alpha-saccharide content in the diets is well established, but the influence of these sugars on the activity of microvillar lactase (neutral beta-galactosidase) has heretofore been considered negligible or non-existing. In two experiments rats were fed isocaloric diets(More)
Although animal models have been used to characterize the relation between oxygen consumption and blood flow, reliable data have not been generated in the human small intestine. We perfused segments of human small intestine by using an ex vivo perfusion circuit that allowed precise manipulation of blood flow and perfusion pressure. Our goal was to define(More)
The increase in fractional rate of protein synthesis (Ks) in the skeletal muscle of growing rats during the transition from fasted to fed state has been explained by the synergistic action of a rise in plasma insulin and branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). Since growing lambs also exhibit an increase in Ks with level of feed intake, the objective of the(More)