Sherie R. Howell

Learn More
Fanconi anemia (FA) cells are hypersensitive to cytotoxicity, cell cycle arrest, and chromosomal aberrations induced by DNA cross-linking agents, such as mitomycin C (MMC) and nitrogen mustard (HN2). Although MMC hypersensitivity is complemented in a subset of FA cells (complementation group C [FA-C]) by wild-type FAC cDNA, the cytoprotective mechanism is(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the DNA repair gene, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in a proportion of transformed cell lines is associated with methylated CpG hotspots in the MGMT 5' flank. The goal of the study was to evaluate the mechanism by which CpG methylation of theMGMT promoter region influenced silencing of the gene. Analysis of(More)
Expression of the cell surface receptor Fas is frequently lost or decreased during tumor progression in human colon carcinomas. The methylation status of a 583 bp CpG-rich region within the Fas promoter (-575 to +8) containing 28 CpG sites was determined in human colon carcinoma cell lines. In Caco(2) (no Fas expression), 82-93% of CpG sites were(More)
LGD1069 (Targretin), a retinoid "X" receptor-selective ligand, or rexinoid, is in clinical trials for treating cancer. Biologically-active oxidized LGD1069 metabolites have been observed in patient plasma samples, making corresponding structural characterizations necessary. Formation of multiple metabolite isomers in vivo has created technical challenges in(More)
O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a major determinant of susceptibility to methylating carcinogens and of tumor resistance to anticancer methylating and chloroethylating drugs. The silencing of MGMT expression that occurs in 20-30% of human tumor lines is tightly linked to methylation within the MGMTgene 5'CpG island. Previous studies on a(More)
Retinoids are compounds that bind to and activate one or more retinoid receptors to elicit various physiological responses. There are two families of retinoid receptors, i.e. retinoic acid receptors (RAR) and retinoid X receptors (RXR), for which the various synthetic and naturally occurring retinoids have differing selectivities. The synthetic analogs(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the DNA repair protein, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), occurs only in malignant or transformed cell lines, and such MGMT-deficient cells are hypersensitive to chemotherapeutic alkylating agents such as 1, 3-bis (2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) and temozolomide. Previously we demonstrated in a panel of(More)
Suppressed expression of the DNA repair enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), characterized as the Mer- phenotype, occurs only in malignant or transformed cell lines. To investigate the relationship between the transformation process and loss of MGMT expression, we derived 20 cloned lines of IMR90 normal fibroblasts transfected with the(More)
We demonstrate here that RNA levels of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3-24-hydroxylase (24-(OH)ase), a key catabolic enzyme for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, are increased by a highly selective retinoid X receptor (RXR) ligand, LG100268, in mice within hours. Correspondingly, upon LG100268 treatment, kidney 24-(OH)ase enzymatic activity increases 5-10-fold. The endogenous(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the DNA repair gene, O-methylguanine-DNAmethyltransferase (MGMT) in a proportion of transformed cell lines is associated with methylated CpG hotspots in the MGMT 5V flank. The goal of the study was to evaluate the mechanism by which CpG methylation of the MGMT promoter region influenced silencing of the gene. Analysis of histone(More)
  • 1