Sheridan Davies

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Sepsis is a common complication of cirrhosis with a high mortality. In this study, we have investigated some of the pathways that may be involved in tissue injury and death. Bile duct-ligated (BDL) cirrhotic and control rats were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Sensitivity to LPS was markedly enhanced in the BDL group, and was associated with(More)
Ingestion of vegetables rich in inorganic nitrate has emerged as an effective method, via the formation of a nitrite intermediate, for acutely elevating vascular NO levels. As such a number of beneficial effects of dietary nitrate ingestion have been demonstrated including the suggestion that platelet reactivity is reduced. In this study we investigated(More)
Chronic bile duct ligation is associated with the development of oxidant injury, biliary cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and a hyperdynamic circulation. We have previously demonstrated that the hyperdynamic circulation in the partial portal vein-ligated rat can be prevented by the administration of N-acetylcysteine. To extend these findings, we have(More)
Plasma S-nitrosothiols are believed to function as a circulating form of nitric oxide that affects both vascular function and platelet aggregation. However, the formation of circulating S-nitrosothiols in relation to acute and chronic disease is largely unknown. Plasma S-nitrosothiols were measured by chemiluminescence in rats with biliary cirrhosis or(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The F2-isoprostanes are a recently described class of prostaglandins formed by free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation. 8-Isoprostaglandin F2 alpha (8-iso-PGF2 alpha), an F2-isoprostane, has previously been shown to be a potent renal vasoconstrictor acting via a thromboxane-like receptor. The aim of this study was to investigate whether(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the uptake of FP 736-04, a hepatocyte-specific CT contrast agent, is influenced by cirrhotic changes in the liver. MATERIAL AND METHODS Liver cirrhosis was induced by bile duct ligation (BDL) in Sprague-Dawley rats. Seventy-four animals were divided into three groups comprising: rats with acute BDL; rats with chronic BDL; and(More)
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