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Emergence of bacterial resistance is a major issue for all classes of antibiotics; therefore, the identification of new classes is critically needed. Recently we reported the discovery of platensimycin by screening natural product extracts using a target-based whole-cell strategy with antisense silencing technology in concert with cell free biochemical(More)
Bacterial infection remains a serious threat to human lives because of emerging resistance to existing antibiotics. Although the scientific community has avidly pursued the discovery of new antibiotics that interact with new targets, these efforts have met with limited success since the early 1960s. Here we report the discovery of platensimycin, a(More)
Examples of drug-resistant bacteria are increasing while the discovery of new antibiotics with new mechanisms of action has been essentially nonexistent. The antisense-based sensitization of bacterial targets in Staphylococcus aureus is one of the new approaches that provides increased sensitivity for the detection of target-specific antibiotics and(More)
Type II fatty acid synthesis (FASII) is essential to bacterial cell viability and is a promising target for the development of novel antibiotics. In the past decade, a few inhibitors have been identified for this pathway, but none of them lend themselves to drug development. To find better inhibitors that are potential drug candidates, we developed a high(More)
Mutant ras oncogenes are associated with various human tumors such as pancreas, colon, lung, thyroid, bladder and several types of leukemia. Prenylation of Ras proteins plays a major role in cell proliferation of both normal and cancerous cells. Normal and oncogenic Ras proteins are posttranslationally modified by a farnesyl group that promotes membrane(More)
We have synthesized, separated, and purified approximately 10 mg of a deoxyundecanucleotide duplex containing a single centrally positioned covalent adduct between (+)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene (BP) diol epoxide and the exocyclic amino group of guanosine. Excellent proton NMR spectra are observed for the (+)-trans-anti-BP diol epoxide-N2-dG adduct positioned(More)
The ras oncogene product, Ras, is synthesized in vivo as a precursor protein that requires post-translational processing to become biologically active and to be capable of transforming mammalian cells. Farnesylation appears to be a critical modification of Ras, and thus inhibitors of the farnesyl-protein transferase (FPTase) that catalyzes this reaction may(More)
Platensimycin (PTM) is a recently discovered broad-spectrum antibiotic produced by Streptomyces platensis. It acts by selectively inhibiting the elongation-condensing enzyme FabF of the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway in bacteria. We report here that PTM is also a potent and highly selective inhibitor of mammalian fatty acid synthase. In contrast to two(More)
The principal antineoplastic constituent of the South African tree Combretum caffrum has been isolated and designated combretastatin A-1. The structure of this new cis-stilbene was unequivocally established by X-ray crystal structure determination and total synthesis. A Wittig reaction sequence in THF comprised the synthetic key step (92.5% yield) and(More)
The emergence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a major health problem and, therefore, it is critical to develop new antibiotics with novel modes of action. FtsZ, a tubulin-like GTPase, plays an essential role in bacterial cell division, and its homologs are present in almost all eubacteria and archaea. During cell division, FtsZ forms polymers in(More)