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miRNA globally deregulates human carcinoma. A critical open question is how many miRNAs functionally participate in cancer development, particularly in metastasis. We systematically evaluate the capability of all known human miRNAs to regulate certain metastasis-relevant cell behaviours. To perform the(More)
Downregulation of a predominantly hepatocyte-specific miR-122 is associated with human liver cancer metastasis, whereas miR-122-deficient mice display normal liver function. Here we show a functional conservation of miR-122 in the TGFβ pathway: miR-122 target site is present in the mouse but not human TGFβR1, whereas a noncanonical target site is present in(More)
Endoribonuclease-prepared siRNAs (esiRNAs) have the advantages of cost effectiveness and lower off-target effects than chemically synthesized siRNA. However, the current manufacture of esiRNA is a complex process, requiring an expensive instrument and demanding skills to accomplish the transfer, purification, quantification and normalization of liquid(More)
UNLABELLED Kinases become one of important groups of drug targets. To identify more kinases being potential for cancer therapy, we developed an integrative approach for the large-scale screen of functional genes capable of regulating the main traits of cancer metastasis. We first employed self-assembled cell microarray to screen functional genes that(More)
A TALE of two assays: Transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) are programmable proteins that can specifically recognize a DNA sequence. Previous strategies for the synthesis of TALEs were complicated and time-consuming. The solid-phase synthesis strategy demonstrated here allows quick and simple purification of the ligation product.
Junyu Yang, Milton E. Brown, Hanshuo Zhang, Mario Martinez, Zhihua Zhao, Srishti Bhutani, Shenyi Yin, David Trac, Jianzhong Jeff Xi, and Michael E. Davis Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China; Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University and Georgia Institute of(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is the most common cause of heart failure. Excessive production of ROS plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cardiac remodeling after MI. NADPH with NADPH oxidase (Nox)2 as the catalytic subunit is a major source of superoxide production, and expression is significantly increased in the infarcted myocardium, especially by(More)
VEGF is a major contributor to angiogenesis, a vital process in normal growth and development and tumor transition. However, the current clinical efficacy of VEGF inhibitors is limited, and the molecular mechanism underlying VEGF regulation remains to be elucidated. Here we show that miR-190 directly targets a group of angiogenic effectors besides VEGF per(More)
Tumor suppressor TP53 (or p53) is one of the most important regulators in numerous physiological and pathological processes. Recently, the miRNA-mediated post-transcription regulation of p53 has been studied. However, systematic studies of miRNA targeting sites within the p53 gene are still a challenging task. Here, we developed a dual-color assay capable(More)
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