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BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal perforation is a serious adverse event associated with bevacizumab, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) widely used in current cancer treatment. The association is highlighted by a black-box warning issued by the US Food and Drug Administration, recommending that bevacizumab be permanently discontinued in(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is associated with the use of bevacizumab, an angiogenesis inhibitor widely used in cancer therapy. Currently, the risk of severe hypertension associated with bevacizumab is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) to assess the risk of high-grade(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis inhibitors have emerged as an effective targeted therapy in the treatment of patients with many cancers. One of the most widely used angiogenesis inhibitors is bevacizumab, a neutralizing antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor. The overall risk of proteinuria and hypertension in patients with cancer on bevacizumab(More)
CONTEXT Venous thromboembolism is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer. Concerns have arisen regarding the risk of venous thromboembolism with the novel antiangiogenic agent bevacizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor that is widely used in cancer treatment.(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway including everolimus and temsirolimus have been used extensively in cancer patients. Their use is associated with stomatitis, an adverse event resulting in morbidity and treatment interruptions or discontinuation. This study was conducted to determine the overall incidence and risk of(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the widely-used angiogenesis inhibitor bevacizumab in the development of serious hemorrhage is not well defined in cancer patients. This study was conducted to determine the overall risk of hemorrhage with bevacizumab by a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT). METHODS Databases from PubMed and(More)
The multitargeted kinase inhibitors (MKIs) sorafenib and sunitinib have shown benefit in patients with renal cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma (sorafenib), and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (sunitinib). Their efficacy in other malignancies is currently being investigated because of their broad range of activity. The effectiveness of these drugs is(More)
BACKGROUND Cetuximab, a chimeric antibody against epidermal growth factor receptor has emerged as an effective therapy for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) and head-neck cancer. However, severe skin toxicity may limit its use. Its efficacy in the treatment of other cancers is also undergoing extensive investigation. We performed a systemic review and(More)
BACKGROUND Ipilimumab is a human antibody that inhibits cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, leading to increases in T-cell activation and interleukin 2 secretion and has been approved for the treatment of advanced melanoma. Dermatologic adverse events such as rash, pruritus, and vitiligo have been reported in trials, with varying incidences. The(More)
BACKGROUND Sunitinib is a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and undergoing evaluation for other malignancy. Hypertension is one of its major side effects with a substantial variation in the reported incidences among clinical studies. We here(More)