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OBJECTIVES In the absence of reliable data on the prevalence and burden of primary headache disorders in the mainland of China, a population-based survey was initiated by Lifting The Burden: the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS Throughout all regions of China, 5041 non-related adult respondents aged 18-65 years were randomly sampled from the(More)
The trigeminovascular nociception induced by electrical stimulation of the dura mater surrounding the superior sagittal sinus in anesthetized animals has been widely used as a model for investigation of the pathophysiology of vascular headache such as migraine. However, little is known whether pain behaviors can be induced using this model in conscious(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been linked to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in this process involved in PD remains poorly understood. Recent studies indicate that miR-384-5p plays an important role for cell survival in response to different insults, but the role of miR-384-5p in PD-associated(More)
BACKGROUND In order to know the status quo of health care for primary headache disorders in China, questions about headache consultation and diagnosis were included in a nationwide population-based survey initiated by Lifting The Burden: the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS Throughout China, 5,041 unrelated respondents aged 18-65 years were(More)
The objective of this study was to test the validity, in the Chinese population, of the Lifting The Burden diagnostic questionnaire for the purpose of a population-based survey of the burden of headache in China. From all regions of China, a population-based sample of 417 respondents had completed the structured questionnaire in a door-to-door survey(More)
The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is a substantial component of the descending modulatory network to control on nociceptive transmission and autonomic functions. Also, accumulated evidence has suggested that the PAG plays a crucial role in regulating migraine headache, a neurovascular disorder. The purpose of this study was to employ ELISA methods to(More)
This study was addressed to the question of whether the medial temporal lobe (MTL) plays a critical role in implicit memory for new associations. Priming for new associations was examined in two different tasks in 18 patients with focal lesions all involving the MTL. In Experiment 1, following a study phase for pairs of unrelated words, subjects performed a(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the reliability of conventional T2-weighted imaging (WI) for detecting high-grade stenosis and occlusion of cerebral arteries by disappearance of artery flow void signals. METHODS Our hospital's neuroimaging data on patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack were collected, including only those from patients who(More)
Brain tuberculomas can exhibit many different clinical and radiological patterns. However, disseminated or miliary brain tuberculomas are very rare. Miliary brain tuberculomas have specific clinical prognostic implications. Seven patients diagnosed with miliary brain tuberculomas between December 2004 and August 2012 were evaluated retrospectively. Their(More)
The global burden of headache is very large, but knowledge of it is far from complete and needs still to be gathered. Published population-based studies have used variable methodology, which has influenced findings and made comparisons difficult. The Global Campaign against Headache is undertaking initiatives to improve and standardize methods in use for(More)