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OBJECTIVES In the absence of reliable data on the prevalence and burden of primary headache disorders in the mainland of China, a population-based survey was initiated by Lifting The Burden: the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS Throughout all regions of China, 5041 non-related adult respondents aged 18-65 years were randomly sampled from the(More)
The trigeminovascular nociception induced by electrical stimulation of the dura mater surrounding the superior sagittal sinus in anesthetized animals has been widely used as a model for investigation of the pathophysiology of vascular headache such as migraine. However, little is known whether pain behaviors can be induced using this model in conscious(More)
BACKGROUND In order to know the status quo of health care for primary headache disorders in China, questions about headache consultation and diagnosis were included in a nationwide population-based survey initiated by Lifting The Burden: the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS Throughout China, 5,041 unrelated respondents aged 18-65 years were(More)
The objective of this study was to test the validity, in the Chinese population, of the Lifting The Burden diagnostic questionnaire for the purpose of a population-based survey of the burden of headache in China. From all regions of China, a population-based sample of 417 respondents had completed the structured questionnaire in a door-to-door survey(More)
This study was addressed to the question of whether the medial temporal lobe (MTL) plays a critical role in implicit memory for new associations. Priming for new associations was examined in two different tasks in 18 patients with focal lesions all involving the MTL. In Experiment 1, following a study phase for pairs of unrelated words, subjects performed a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Genetic factors including TNF-β have been considered as important components in the aetiology of migraine. Many studies have investigated the association between TNF-β 252A>G polymorphism and migraine risk, with debatable results. This study was designed to examine whether the TNF-β 252A>G polymorphism confers genetic susceptibility(More)
Brain tuberculomas can exhibit many different clinical and radiological patterns. However, disseminated or miliary brain tuberculomas are very rare. Miliary brain tuberculomas have specific clinical prognostic implications. Seven patients diagnosed with miliary brain tuberculomas between December 2004 and August 2012 were evaluated retrospectively. Their(More)
Pituitary oncocytoma is a subtype of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas with the potential to be locally invasive. Currently, surgery is the most effective treatment, whereas functional pituitary adenomas can be treated by drugs. We analyzed the invasiveness of pituitary oncocytomas to identify biomarkers that may be useful for guiding future therapeutic(More)
The aim of this study was to detect the abnormality of the brain functional connectivity of the hypothalamus during acute spontaneous cluster headache (CH) attacks ('in attack') and headache-free intervals ('out of attack') using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) technique. The RS-fMRI data from twelve male CH patients during 'in(More)
OBJECTIVE The secreted frizzled-related proteins (sFRPs) are reported to be antagonists of a number of tumors. This study was designed to investigate the relationship of sFRP4 with aggressiveness of pituitary adenomas. MATERIAL AND METHOD Specimens were classified into three groups: normal control (n = 10), non-aggressive group (n = 42) and aggressive(More)