Learn More
The low-resolution analog-to-digital convertor (ADC) is a promising solution to significantly reduce the power consumption of radio frequency circuits in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. In this letter, we investigate the uplink spectral efficiency (SE) of massive MIMO systems with low-resolution ADCs over Rician fading channels, where(More)
Recent progress in variational inference has paid much attention to the flexibility of variational posteriors. Work has been done to use implicit distributions, i.e., distributions without tractable likelihoods as the variational posterior. However, existing methods on implicit posteriors still face challenges of noisy estimation and can hardly scale to(More)
  • 1