Shengxi Guan

Learn More
Restriction endonucleases are the basic tools of molecular biology. Many restriction endonucleases show relaxed sequence recognition, called star activity, as an inherent property under various digestion conditions including the optimal ones. To quantify this property we propose the concept of the Fidelity Index (FI), which is defined as the ratio of the(More)
PvuRts1I is a modification-dependent restriction endonuclease that recognizes 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) as well as 5-glucosylhydroxymethylcytosine (5ghmC) in double-stranded DNA. Using PvuRts1I as the founding member, we define a family of homologous proteins with similar DNA modification-dependent recognition properties. At the sequence level, these(More)
Cell migration is a rate-limiting event in skin wound healing. In unwounded skin, cells are nourished by plasma. When skin is wounded, resident cells encounter serum for the first time. As the wound heals, the cells experience a transition of serum back to plasma. In this study, we report that human serum selectively promotes epidermal cell migration and(More)
AbaSI, a member of the PvuRts1I-family of modification-dependent restriction endonucleases, cleaves deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) containing 5-hydroxymethylctosine (5hmC) and glucosylated 5hmC (g5hmC), but not DNA containing unmodified cytosine. AbaSI has been used as a tool for mapping the genomic locations of 5hmC, an important epigenetic modification in(More)
The SH2/SH3 adapter Nck has an evolutionarily conserved role in neurons, linking the cell surface signals to actin cytoskeleton-mediated responses. The mechanism, however, remains poorly understood. We have investigated the role of Nck/Nckalpha/Nck1 versus Grb4/Nckbeta/Nck2 side-by-side in the process of mammalian neuritogenesis. Here we show that permanent(More)
Tth111II is a thermostable Type IIGS restriction enzyme that recognizes DNA sites CAARCA (R = A or G) and cleaves downstream at N11/N9. Here, the tth111IIRM gene was cloned and expressed in E. coli, and Tth111II was purified. The purified enzyme contains internally-bound S-adenosylmethionine (SAM). When the internal SAM was removed, the endonuclease(More)
The Type IIS restriction endonuclease BtsI recognizes and digests at GCAGTG(2/0). It comprises two subunits: BtsIA and BtsIB. The BtsIB subunit contains the recognition domain, one catalytic domain for bottom strand nicking and part of the catalytic domain for the top strand nicking. BtsIA has the rest of the catalytic domain that is responsible for the DNA(More)
  • 1